Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment among Catholic Primary School Teachers of Merauke

Basilius Redan Werang, Berlinda Setyo Yunarti, Mozes M. Wullur


Teacher absenteeism has been a yearly problem facing the regional education officer of Papua Province in general and the education officer of Merauke district in particular. Despite of being in school to educate students, many primary school teachers are likely to engage with other attractive activities in the central of district. As this behavior might be attributed to the commitment of primary school teachers to educate the young people of Merauke, Indonesia, this study aimed to examine the whether a positive and significant correlation exists between the organizational commitment and job satisfaction of Catholic primary school teachers of Merauke, Indonesia. Applying a survey approach, two quantitative survey form were distributed to a total of 157 teachers working in the Catholic primary schools of Merauke, Indonesia. In order that all the distributed survey form were 100 % filled out and returned by the informants, a face-to-face way of data collection was employed by having a prior consent from the informants personally. Using Pearson’s correlation analysis as a tool for analyzing the collected data, this study showed a positive and significant correlation among the surveyed variables as the amount of Pearson’s correlation coefficient (R) is .875 and the probability coefficient (ρ) is .000. The major conclusion of this study is that the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of the Catholic primary school teachers of Merauke, Indonesia, are significantly positively correlated. Practical implication of the finding is that the need for the school principals to promote the organizational commitment of teachers by enhancing their job satisfaction in order that the Catholic primary school students’ right to be well educated would be addressed adequately. Despite the possibility of the similar conclusion of this study with the previous studies conducting in other countries, the finding may support the current knowledge on the topic by giving a valuable information from an empirical context of Merauke, Indonesia.


B. R. Werang. A study of relationships in Christian primary schools of Boven Digoel Regency, Papua, Indonesia, The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership, Vol. 22(2), pp. 25–32, 2015.

B. R. Werang, S. M.R. Leba and E. A. G. Pure. Factors influencing teacher absenteeism in the remote elementary schools of Indonesia: Empirical proof from Southern Papua, International Journal of Management in Education, Vol. 11(3), 223–247, 2017a.

B. R. Werang, B. R., A. A. G. Agung and A. A. Hurit. Increasing teacher attendance in Indonesia: a longitudinal study in the remote elementary schools of Southern Papua, International Journal of Management in Education, Vol. 13(2), pp. 133–55, 2019.

A. K. Wolomasi, S. I. Asaloei and B. R. Werang. Job satisfaction and performance of elementary school teachers, International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, Vol. 8(4), pp. 575-580, 2019.

B. R. Werang, O. Irianto and E. D. Lewaherilla. The effect of teachers’ socioeconomic status on elementary schools’ life in Indonesia: An empirical study in the elementary schools of Merauke district, Papua, International Journal of Research Studies in Management, Vol. 6(1), pp. 23-37, 2017b.

B. R. Werang, M. Betaubun, and E. A. G. Pure. Factors influencing teachers’ organizational commitment (Case study on primary schools’ teachers in remote area of Merauke regency, Papua, Indonesia), Journal of Educational Policy and Entrepreneurial Research, vol. 2(10), pp. 122-130, 2015.

B. R. Werang and E. A. G. Pure. Designing strategy for improving teacher’s organizational commitment in the remote elementary schools of Merauke district, Papua, Indonesia, International Journal of Research Studies in Education, vol. 7(1), pp. 15-28, 2018.

I. Atalay. The effect of mobbing on organizational commitment: A case from the public sector. Master Thesis Presented to the Social Science Institute, Atilim University, Ankara, Turkey, 2010.

R. M. Kanter. Commitment and social organization: A study of commitment mechanism in utopian communities, American Sociological Review, vol. 33(4), pp. 499-517, 1968. 2092438

S. Doĝan, S. Kiliç. The situation and importance of empowerment in obtaining organizational commitment, The Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administration Sciences, vol. 29, pp. 37-61, 2007.

R. T. Mowday, R. M. Steers and L. W. Porter. The measurement of organizational commitment, Journal of Vocational Behavior, vol. 14, 224-247, 1979.

N. J. Allen and J. P. Meyer. The measurement and antecedent of affective, continuance, and normative commitment to the organization, Journal of Occupational Psychology, vol. 63(1), pp. 1-18, 1990.

J. D. Shaw, J. E. Delery and M. H. Abdullah. Organizational commitment and performance among guest workers and citizens of an arab country, Journal of Business Research, vol. 56(12), pp. 1021-1030, 2003.

S. M. B. Al-Zefeiti and N. A. Mohamad. The influence of organizational commitment on Omani public employees’ work performance, International Review of Management and Marketing, vol. 7(2), pp. 151-160, 2017.

B. Erdem and I. Kaya. Organizational commitment levels of employees working at hotel enterprises: The case of five star hotels in Marmaris/Mugla, Turkey, International Journal of Human Capital Development, vol. 1(2), pp. 7-21, 2013

M. G. Aamodt. Industrial organizational psychology: An applied approach. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Leaning, 2007.

M. H. Ali and I. B. Bashir. The effect of job satisfaction on teachers’ organizational commitment with special reference to private sector universities of Punjab, Pakistan, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 8(3), pp. 114-125, 2018.

T. C. Huang and W. J. Hsiao. The causal relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment, Social Behavior and Personality, vol. 35(9), pp. 1265-1276, 2007.

A. Ismail and M. R. Razak, Effect of job satisfaction on organizational commitment, Management and Marketing, vol. 14(1), pp. 25-40, 2016.

F. Mohammed and M. Eleswed. Job satisfaction and organizational commitment: A correlational study in Bahrain, International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology, vol. 3(5), pp. 43-53, 2013.

B. R. Rayton. Examining the interconnection of job satisfaction and organizational commitment: An application of the bivariate probit model, The International Journal of Human Resources Management, vol. 17(1), pp. 139-154, 2006.

B. R. Werang and A. A. G. Agung. Teachers’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and performance in Indonesia: A study from Merauke district, International Journal of Development and Sustainability, vol. 6(8), pp. 700-711, 2017.

D. A. Cumbey and J. W. Alexander. The relationship of job satisfaction with organizational variables in public health nursing, Journal of Nursing Administration, vol. 28, pp. 39-46, 1998.

A. Maslow. Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row, 1954.

S. P. Robbins and T. A. Judge. Organizational Behavior. 17th Edition. USA: Pearson, 2017.

F. Luthans. Organizational Behavior. 8th Edition. Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill, 1998.

A. Rezaee, H. Khoshsima, E. Zare-Bahtash and A. Sarani. A mix method study of the relationship between efl teachers’ job satisfaction and job performance in Iran, International Journal of Instruction, vol. 11(4), pp. 391-408, 2018.

I. Kosi, I. Sulemana, J. S. Boateng and R. Mensah. Teacher motivation and job satisfaction on intension to quit: An empirical study in public second cycle schools in Tamala Metropolis, Ghana, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, vol. 5(5), pp. 1-8, 2015.

R. P. Baggozzi. Salesforce performance and satisfaction as a function of individual difference, interpersonal and situational factors, Journal of Marketing, vol. 44, pp. 65-77, 1978.

J. K. Tekell. Affective and cognitive components of job satisfaction: A scale development and initial validation, Master’s Thesis Presented to the University of North Texas, 2008.

C. L. Hulin and T. A. Judge. Job attitudes, In W. C. Borman, R. Klimoski and D. Ilgen (Eds.). Handbook of psychology: Industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 255-276). New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2003.

A. Campbell. Subjective measures of wellbeing, American Psychologist, vol. 31, pp. 117-124, 1976.

S. L. Crites, L. R. Fabrigar and R. E. Petty. Measuring the affective and cognitive properties of attitudes: Conceptual and methodological issues, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 20(6), pp. 619-634, 1994.

D. W. Organ and J. P. Near. Cognition vs affect in measures of job satisfaction, International Journal of Psychology, vol. 20(2), pp. 241-253, 1985.

H. M. Weiss. Deconstructing job satisfaction: Separating evaluations, beliefs, and affective experiences, Human Resource Management Review, vol. 12, pp. 173-194, 2002. (02)00045-1

H. M. Weiss and R. Cropanzano. Affective events theory: A theoretical discussion of the structure, causes and consequences of affective experiences at work, Research in Organizational Behavior, vol. 18, pp. 1-74. 1996.

A. Samson and K. N. Babu. Cognitive factors and its impact on job satisfaction – A study on selected information technology enabled service companies in Bengaluru, SDMIMD Journal of Management, vol. 8(1), pp. 39-45, 2017.

K. A. Lane, J. Esser, B. Holte and M. A. Mccusker. A study of nurse faculty job satisfaction in community colleges in Florida, Teaching and Learning in Nursing, vol. 5(1), pp. 16-26, 2010.

T. R. Misener, K. S. Haddock, J. U. Gleaton, A. Rahman and A. Ajamieh. Toward an international measure of job satisfaction, Nursing Research, vol. 45(2), pp. 87-91, 1996.

J. O. Okpara. Personal characteristics as predictors of job satisfaction: An exploratory study of IT managers in a developing economy, Information Technology and People, vol. 17(3), pp. 327-338, 2004.

W. Y. Chan, S. Lau, S. Lim and D. Hogan. Organizational and personal predictors of teacher commitment: the mediating role of teacher efficacy and identification with school, American Educational Research Journal, vol. 45(3), pp. 597-630, 2008.

A. Balci. Organizational socialization: Theory, strategy, and tactics. Ankara, Turki: Pegem Publications, 2003.

E. F. Tadesse. Teachers’ organizational commitment at secondary schools in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, International Journal of Education and Research, vol. 7( 4), pp. 53-68, 2019.

B. S. Yunarti, S. I. Asaloei, P. Wula, and B. R. Werang. Stress and performance of elementary school teachers of Southern Papua: A survey approach, Universal Journal of Educational Research, vol. 8(3), pp. 924-930, 2020.

S. I. Asaloei, A. K. Wolomasi and B. R. Werang. Work-related stress and performance among primary school teachers, International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, vol. 9(2), pp. 352-358, 2020.

D. Wea, B. R. Werang, H. P. Asmaningrum and O. Irianto. Teachers’ working conditions and job performance in the elementary schools of Indonesia: A survey from Southern Papua, The International Journal of Educational Organization and Leadership, vol. 27(1), pp. 37-45, 2020.

P. Wula, B. S. Yunarti, A. K. Wolomasi, D. Wea, M. M. Wullur, M. M. Krowin, S. I. Asaloei, and B. R. Werang. Job satisfaction and performance of elementary school teachers of Southern Papua, Universal Journal of Educational Research, vol. 8(7), pp. 2907-2913, 2020.

S. Verma and S. Jain. Teacher’s job satisfaction and job performance, Global Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, vol. 2(2), pp. 1-15, 2014.

K. M. Brown ad S. R. Wynn. Finding, supporting, and keeping: The role of the principal in teacher retention issues, Leadership and Policy in Schools, vol. 8(1), pp. 37-63, 2009.

S. M. Johnson and S. E. Birkeland. Pursuing a ‘sense of success’: New Teachers explain their career decisions, American Educational Research Journal, vol. 40(3), pp. 581-617, 2003a.

S. M. Johnson and S. E. Birkeland. The schools that teachers choose, Educational Leadership, vol. 60(8), pp. 20-24, 2003b.

B. R. Werang, The effect of workload, individual characteristics, and school climate on teachers’ emotional exhaustion in elementary schools of Papua,.Cakrawala Pendidikan, vol. 37(3), pp. 457-469, 2018.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn)
ISSN: 2089-9823, e-ISSN 2302-9277
Published by: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (UAD) in collaboration with Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES)

View EduLearn Stats