Ethnic/Racial Differences in Postsecondary Enrollment Rates of Texas Public High School Graduates: A Statewide, Multiyear Investigation
Examined in this study was the degree to which ethnic/racial differences were present in the postsecondary enrollment of Texas public high school graduates at Texas 2-year public colleges and at 4-year public universities. Specifically analyzed were the enrollment percentages of Black, Hispanic, and White for three academic years (i.e., 2012-2013 through 2014-2015) for Texas public high school graduates. Over the 3-year time period analyzed, statistically significant ethnic/racial differences were present in postsecondary enrollment rates of Texas public high school. White Texas public high school graduates enrolled in both 2-year and 4-year public institutions at statistically significantly higher rates than their Black and Hispanic counterparts. Moreover, Black and Hispanic students tended to enroll at 2-year public institutions at a higher rate then 4-year public institutions. Implications of these results and recommendations for future research were discussed.
ACT & United Negro College Fund. (2014). The condition of college & career readiness 2014: African-American students. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/1ktWVq9
Alon, S., & Gelbgiser, D. (2011). The female advantage in college academic achievements and horizontal sex segregation. Social Science Research, 40(1), 107-119.
American Association of Community Colleges. (2017). 2017 Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://www.aacc.nche.edu/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/AACCFactSheet2017.pdf
Barnes, W., & Slate, J. R. (2014). College-readiness rates in Texas: A statewide, multiyear study of ethnic differences. Education and Urban Society, 46, 59-87. doi:10.1177/0013124511423775
Beattie, I. R. (2002). Are all adolescent econometricians’ created equal? Racial, class, and gender differences in college enrollment. Sociology of Education, 75, 19-43.
Bowen, B. G., & Bok, D. (1998). The shape of the river: Long-term consequences of considering race in college and university admissions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bowen, W. G., Chingos, M. M., & McPherson, M. S. (2009). Crossing the finish line: Completing college at America’s public universities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bradley, R. H., & Corwyn, R. F. (2002). Socioeconomic status and child development. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 371-399.
Carbonaro, W. Ellison, B. J., & Covay, E. (2011). Gender inequalities in the college pipeline. Social Science Research, 40, 120-135.
Carey, K. (2004). A matter of degree: Improving graduation rates in four-year colleges and universities. A Report by the Education Trust. Retrieved from http://edtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/highered.pdf
Carneval, A. P. (2016). Credentials and competencies: Demonstrating the economic values of postsecondary education. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce.
Carneval, A., Smith, N., & Strohl, J. (2013). The road to recovery: Projecting U.S. job growth and higher education demand through 2020. Community College Journal, 84(3), 26-29.
Cejda, B. D., & Short, M. (2008). Influencing the college attendance rates of Hispanics in Texas. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 32, 347-361. doi:10.1080/10668920701884455
Chapman, C., Laird, J., & KewalRamani, A. (2010). Trends in high school dropout and completion rates in the United States: 1972-2008 (NCES 2011-012). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Cokley, K., Obaseki, V., Moran-Jackson, K., Jones, L., & Vohra-Gupta, S. (2016). College access improves for Black students but for which ones? Phi Delta Kappan, 97(5), 43-48.
Conger, D., & Long, M. C. (2013). Gender gaps in college enrollment: The role of gender sorting across public high schools. Educational Researcher, 42(7), 371-380. doi:10.3102/0013189X13503983
Covarrubias, A. (2011). Quantitative intersectionality. A critical race analysis of the Chicana/o educational pipeline. Journal of Latinos and Education, 10(2), 86-105. doi:10.1080/15348431.2011.556519
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Davis, J. E. (2006). Early schooling and the achievement of African American males. Urban Education, 38, 515-537.
Davis, T., & Otto, B. (2016). Juxtaposing the Black and White gender gap: Race and gender differentiation in college enrollment predictors. Social Science Quarterly, 97(5), 1245-1266. doi:10.1111/ssqu.12287
Davies, S., & Guppy, N. (1997). Fields of study, college selectivity, and student inequalities in higher education. Social Forces, 75(4), 1417-1438.
Deil-Amen, R., & DeLuca, S. (2010). The underserved third: How our educational structures populate an educational underclass. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 15, 27-50. doi:10.1080/10824661003634948
DePaoli, J. L., Fox, J. H., Ingram, E. S., Maushard, M., Bridgeland, J. M., & Balfanz, R. (2015). Building a grad nation: Progress and challenge in ending the high school dropout epidemic. Retrieved from America’s Promise Alliance Website: http://www.americaspromise.org/report/2015-building-grad-nation-report
Dickerson, N. T. & Jacobs, J. A. (2006). Race differentials in college selectivity, 1981-2000. Journal of African American Studies, 10(1), 3-18.
DiPrete, T. A., & Buchmann, C. (2013). The rise of women: The growing gender gap in education and what it means for American schools. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Duncan, A. (2010). Obama’s goal for higher education. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/2010/08/01/america-education-reform-opinions-best-colleges-10-duncan.html#14dc94ae6fee
Fry, R. & Lopez, M. H. (2012). Hispanic student enrollment reach new highs in 2011. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewhispanic.org/2012/08/20/hispanic-student-enrollments-reach-new-highs-in-2011/
Harvill, E. L., Maynard, R. A., Nguyen, H. T., Robertson-Kraft, C., & Tognatta, N. (2012, March). Effects of college access programs on college readiness and enrollment: A meta-analyses. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, Washington, DC.
Hussar, W. J., & Bailey, T. M. (2013). Projections of education statistics to 2022 (NCES 2014-051). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
Johnson, R. B., & Christensen, L. (2012). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches (4th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
King, J. E., (2000). Gender equity in higher education. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.
Klevan, S., Weinberg, S. L., & Middleton, J. A. (2016). Why the boys are missing: Using social capital to explain gender differences in college enrollment for public high school students. Research in Higher Education, 57(2), 223-257. doi:10.1007/s11162-015-9384-9
Lee, J. (2002). Racial and ethnic achievement gap trends: Reversing the progress toward equity? Educational Researcher, 31, 3-12. doi:10.3102/0013189X031001003
Murdock, S. H., & Cline, A. G. (2011). Population change in Texas: Implications of the 2010 census for education, the labor force and economic development. Presented at Texas Tribune, Austin, TX.
National Center for Education Statistics. (2005). Postsecondary participation rates by sex and race/ethnicity: 1974-2003. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2005/2005028.pdf
National Center for Education Statistics. (2010). Status and trends in the education of racial and minority groups. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2010/2010015.pdf
National Center for Education Statistics. (2015). Institutional retention and graduation rates for undergraduate students. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cva.asp
National Center for Education Statistics. (2017). The condition of education report. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/pubs2017/2017144.pdf
National Center for Education Statistics. (n.d.). The condition of education report. Retrieved from https://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/glossary.asp
Nunez, A. M., & Kim, D. (2012). Building a multicontextual model of Latino college enrollment: Student, school, and state-level effects. The Review of Higher Education, 35(2), 237-263. doi:10.1037/a0026810
Obama, B. (2012, July 26). Executive order - White House initiative on educational excellence for African-Americans. Washington, DC: White House. Retrieved from http://1.usa.gov/1RWbBJs
Perez, A., & Slate, J. R. (2015). Differences in postsecondary enrollment as a function of high school size. Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, 5(1), 34-39.
Perna, L. W. (2000). Differences in the decision to attend college among African Americans, Hispanics, and Whites. The Journal of Higher Education, 71(2), 117-141.
Perna, L. W., & Titus, M. A. (2005). The relationship between parental involvement as social capital and college enrollment: An examination of racial/ethnic group differences. The Journal of Higher Education, 76(5), 485-518.
Perna, L. W. (2007). The sources of racial-ethnic group differences in college enrollment: A critical examination. New Directions for Institutional Research, 133, 51-66.
Pew Research Center. (2015). Facts about Latinos and education. Retrieved from http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/05/26/5-facts-about-latinos-andeducation/
Reardon, S. F., Valentino, R. A., Kalogrides, D., Shores, K. A., & Greenberg, E. H. (2013). Patterns and trends in racial academic achievement gaps among states, 1999-2011. Retrieved from http://cepa.stanford.edu/content/patterns-and-trends-racial-academic-achievement-gaps-among-states-1999-2011
Renshaw, S., & Clark, R. (2017). Boy problem? Girl problem? A century of gender inequality in American education viewed through general social survey data. International Review of Modern Sociology, 43(1), 79-93.
Ryan, S. (2016). Ambitions in action: Investigating college enrollment among Hispanic youth who expect to complete a bachelor’s degree. Journal of Hispanic Higher Education, 15(1), 3-21. doi:10.1177/1538192715584191
Serrano, T. J. G. (2017). “Wait, what do you mean by college?” A critical race analysis of Latina/o students and their pathways to community college. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 41(4-5), 239-252. doi:10.1080/10668926.2016.1251362
Snyder, T. D., & Dillow, S. A. (2010). Digest of education statistics 2009. (NCES 2010-013). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.
Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. (2000). Closing the Gaps: The Texas Higher Education Plan. Retrieved from http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/reports/PDF
Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. (2015). 60x30TX. Retreived from http://www.thecb.state.tx.us/reports/PDF/9306.PDF?CFID=72789643&CFTOKEN=82948080
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014). College enrollment and work activity of 2014 high school graduates. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved from http://1.usa.gov/1SpSJmU
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2017b). Usual weekly earnings of wage and salary workers second quarter 2017. Retrieved from https://www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/wkyeng.pdf
U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.). Work experience and earnings association. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/people/laborforce/files/Earnings_and_Experience_Associations.pdf
U.S. Census Bureau. (2016a). Annual estimates of the resident population by sex, race, and Hispanic origin for the United States, states, and counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=PEP_2016_PEPSR6H&prodType=tablehttps://www.census.gov/library/publications/2006/compendia/statab/126ed.html
Article MetricsAbstract view : 5 times
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn)
ISSN: 2089-9823, e-ISSN 2302-9277
Published by: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (UAD) in collaboration with Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES)