Numerical Simulation of Highly-Nonlinear Dispersion-Shifted Fiber Optical Parametric Gain Spectrum with Fiber Loss and Higher-Order Dispersion Coefficients
The previous study investigated the fiber parameters on the analytical one-pump fiber optical para-metric amplifier (FOPA) gain spectrum of a loss-free highly-nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber (HNL-DSF) and got the optimum results for each parameter. However, the FOPA gain of the combination of all the optimum values of the considered parameters was not reported. Hence, this paper intends to investigate the analyti-cal FOPA gain of the combination of all the optimum values of the considered parameters from the previous study. Later, the analytical gain was compared with the numerical gain from the fourth-order Runge-Kutta (RK4) method and Matlab built-in function, ode45. Next, the effect of fiber loss and higher order dispersion coefficients such as fourth and sixth-order dispersion coefficients were studied. It is found that RK4 gives a smaller error and the gain reduces while the bandwidth remains same in presence of fiber loss. The fourth-order dispersion coefficient broadens the bandwidth a bit while maintaining the gain and there are two narrow-band gains generated to the left and right-side of the broad-band gain. The sixth-order dispersion coefficient just shifts the two narrow-band gains toward or away from the broadband gain depending on the positive or negative signs of the sixth-order dispersion coefficient.
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