Reconfigurable Ultra Wideband to Narrowband Antenna for Cognitive Radio Applications Using PIN Diode

Aziz El fatimi, Seddik Bri, Adil Saadi


Frequency reconfigurable antennas are very attractive for many wireless applications. They offer many advantages such as simplicity and compactness. In this electronic paper, we propose a reconfigurable antenna operating in the S and C bands. The proposed antenna uses a BAP65-02 RF diode to switch between the ultra wideband from 2.92 GHz to 6.19 GHz to the narrowband from 2.92 GHz to 3.93 GHz. The ultra wideband is obtained by a partial rectangular ground plane with a symmetrical rectangular slot and the narrowband is obtained by adding a parasitic element electrically connected to the ground plane by the PIN diode when it is positively biased. this patch antenna operates in the Federal Communications Commission band (FCC) and can be used for biomedical applications such as radiometry imaging. The numerical simulation results based on the finite element method and the finite integral method show a very good agreement between them.


Narrowband; Patch antenna; PIN diode; Recongurable antenna; Wideband


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