An energy-efficient cluster head selection in wireless sensor network using g rey wolf optimization algorithm

Kaushik Sekaran, R. Rajakumar, K. Dinesh, Y. Rajkumar, T. P. Latchoumi, Seifedine Kadry, Sangsoon Lim

Abstract


Clustering is considered as one of the most prominent solutions to preserve theenergy in the wireless sensor networks. However, for optimal clustering, anenergy efficient cluster head selection is quite important. Improper selectionofcluster heads(CHs) consumes high energy compared to other sensor nodesdue to the transmission of data packets between the cluster members and thesink node. Thereby, it reduces the network lifetime and performance of thenetwork. In order to overcome the issues, we propose a novelcluster headselection approach usinggrey wolf optimization algorithm(GWO) namelyGWO-CH which considers the residual energy, intra-cluster and sink distance.In addition to that, we formulated an objective function and weight parametersfor anefficient cluster head selection and cluster formation. The proposedalgorithm is tested in different wireless sensor network scenarios by varyingthe number of sensor nodes and cluster heads. The observed results conveythat the proposed algorithm outperforms in terms of achieving better networkperformance compare to other algorithms.


Keywords


cluster head (CHs); grey wolf optimization; network lifetime; residual energy; wireless sensor network (WSN);

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/telkomnika.v18i6.15199

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