The effect of problem-solving learning models on creative thinking skills in science subjects

Emelia Debora, Heffi Alberida, Ardi Ardi, Siska Alicia Farma

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of applying the Problem Solving learning model to the creative thinking abilities of grade VII students at one of the SMPN in Padang in 2019/2020. This type of research is a quasi-experimental study using the Randomized Control Group Posttest Only Design. This study's population was all students of class VII at one of the SMPN in Padang in 2019/2020; there were six classes. The research sample is class VII 3 (experimental class) and class VII 5 (control class). Sampling uses a purposive sampling technique. The instrument used was an observation sheet of students' creative thinking abilities and a posttest creative thinking sheet. Based on the study results, it can be concluded that the students' creative thinking ability in the experimental class is higher than the control class with the average value of the experimental class creative thinking test (52.45) and the control class (39.39). Data analysis using t-test showed that t count (3.66)> t table (1.67). So the conclusion is the Problem Solving learning model has a positive effect on the creative thinking ability of grade VII students at one of the SMPN in Padang.

Keywords


Creative thinking skill; Problem solving; Century skill

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alberida, H., Lufri, Festiyed, & Barlian, E. (2018). Problem solving model for science learning. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 335, 012084. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/335/1/012084

Beetlestone, F. (2012). Creative learning: Strategi pembelajaran untuk melesatkan kreatifitas siswa (N. Yusron, Trans.). Bandung: Nusa Media.

Daud, A. M., Omar, J., Turiman, P., & Osman, K. (2012). Creativity in science education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 467–474. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.302

Fadilah, R. E., Amin, M., & Lestari, U. (2016). Pengembangan buku ajar evolusi berbasis penelitian untuk mahasiswa S1 pendidikan biologi Universitas Jember. Jurnal Pendidikan, 1(6), 1104–1109. Retrieved from http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jptpp/article/view/6425

Festus, C., & Ekpete, O. A. (2012). Improving students’ performance and attitude towards chemistry through problem-based-solving techniques (PBST). International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 1(1), 167–174. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net

Fuad, N. M. (2017). Pengaruh model pembelajaran differentiated science inquiry dipadu mind map terhadap hasil belajar kognitif ipa-biologi, ketrampilan berpikir kritis dan kreatid ditinjau dari gender pada siswa SMP Negeri Di Kabupaten Kediri (Universitas Negeri Malang). Retrieved from http://mulok.library.um.ac.id/index3.php/82001.html

Glăveanu, V. P. (2018). Educating which creativity? Thinking Skills and Creativity, 27, 25–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2017.11.006

Gök, T., & Sýlay, I. (2010). The effects of problem solving strategies on students’ achievement, attitude and motivation. Latin-American Journal of Physics Education, 4(1), 7–21. Retrieved from http://lajpe.org/jan10/02_Tolga_Gok.pdf

Greenstein, L. (2012). Assessing 21st century skills: A guide to evaluating mastery and authentic learning. Retrieved from https://books.google.co.uk

Kampylis, P., & Berki, E. (2014). Nurturing creative thinking. Retrieved from https://www.ibe.unesco.org/sites/default/files/resources/edu-practices_25_eng.pdf

Karatas, I., & Baki, A. (2013). The effect of learning environments based on problem solving on students’ achievements of problem solving. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 5(3), 249–268. Retrieved from http://www.iejee.com/index.php/IEJEE/article/download/25/23

Komariah, K. (2011). Penerapan metode pembelajaran problem solving model polya untuk meningkatkan kemampuan memecahkan masalah bagi siswa kelas IX J di SMPN 3 Cimahi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian, Pendidikan Dan Penerapan MIPA. Retrieved from https://eprints.uny.ac.id/7195/1/PM-25 - KokomKomariah.pdf

Liliasari, M. (2001). Model pembelajaran IPA untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi calon guru sebagai kecenderungan baru pada era globalisasi. Jurnal Pengajaran Matematika Dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, 2(1), 54–64. Retrieved from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/194816394.pdf

Lufri, L., & Ardi, A. (2006). Metodologi Penelitian: Penelitian Kuantitatif, PTK dan Penelitian Pengembangan. Padang: Universitas Negeri Padang.

Mumford, M. D., Medeiros, K. E., & Partlow, P. J. (2012). Creative thinking: Processes, strategies, and knowledge. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 46(1), 30–47. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.003

Munandar, U. (2012). Pengembangan kreativitas pada anak berbakat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Siswono, T. Y. E. (2005). Upaya meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa melalui pengajuan masalah. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Dan Sains, 10(1), 1–9. Retrieved from https://d1wqtxts1xzle7.cloudfront.net

Slameto. (2010). Belajar & faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Tampubolon, T., & Sitindaon, S. F. (2013). Pengaruh model pembelajaran problem solving terhadap hasil belajar siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 7 Medan. INPAFI (Inovasi Pembelajaran Fisika), 1(3), 260–268. Retrieved from https://jurnal.unimed.ac.id/2012/index.php/inpafi/article/view/1915

Treffinger, D. J., Young, G. C., Selby, E. C., & Shepardson, C. (2002). Assessing creativity: A guide for educators. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED505548

Zubaidah, S. (2019). Pendidikan karakter terintegrasi keterampilan abad ke-21. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengkajian Ilmu Pendidikan: E-Saintika, 3(2), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.36312/e-saintika.v3i2.125




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v8i3.15858

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View J.Bioedukatika Stats

JURNAL BIOEDUKATIKA
ISSN 2338-6630 (Print) | ISSN 2541-5646 (Online)
Organized by Department of Biology Education
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jl.Ringroad Selatan, dk Kragilan, Tamanan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia