Enhancing Speed Estimation in DC Motors using the Kalman Filter Method: A Comprehensive Analysis

Muhammad Haryo Setiawan, Alfian Ma'arif, Chokri Rekik, Ahmed J. Abougarair, Atinkut Molla Mekonnen


The accurate estimation of speed is crucial for optimizing the performance and efficiency of DC motors, which find extensive applications in various domains. However, the presence of noise ripple, caused by interactions with magnetic or electromagnetic fields, poses challenges to speed estimation accuracy. In this article, we propose the implementation of the Kalman Filter method as a promising solution to address these challenges. The Kalman Filter is a recursive mathematical algorithm that combines measurements from multiple sources to estimate system states with improved accuracy. By employing the Kalman Filter, it becomes possible to estimate the true speed of DC motors while effectively reducing the adverse effects of noise ripple. This research focuses on determining the optimal values for the Kalman Filter parameters and conducting experiments on a DC motor to evaluate the performance of the proposed approach. The experimental results demonstrate that the Kalman Filter significantly improves the control of speed oscillations and enhances the stability of the DC motor system. Furthermore, a comprehensive analysis of the system's response and parameter tuning reveals the impact of different parameter combinations on settling time, overshoot, and rise time. By carefully selecting appropriate parameters, the proposed approach contributes to accurate speed estimation and effective control of DC motors, advancing the understanding and application of the Kalman Filter in various relevant fields. Overall, this research provides valuable insights into enhancing the performance and efficiency of DC motors through the integration of the Kalman Filter method.


Speed Estimation; Motor DC; Kalman Filter; Arduino Uno

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/jiteki.v10i1.26591


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Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektro Komputer dan Informatika
ISSN 2338-3070 (print) | 2338-3062 (online)
Organized by Electrical Engineering Department - Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Website: http://journal.uad.ac.id/index.php/jiteki
Email 1: jiteki@ee.uad.ac.id
Email 2: alfianmaarif@ee.uad.ac.id
Office Address: Kantor Program Studi Teknik Elektro, Lantai 6 Sayap Barat, Kampus 4 UAD, Jl. Ringroad Selatan, Tamanan, Kec. Banguntapan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55191, Indonesia