Discovery Learning untuk Meningkatkan Kuantitas dan Kualitas Pertanyaan dan Pernyataan Siswa SMA pada Pembelajaran Biologi

Almira Rahma, Sri Widoretno, Nurmiyati Nurmiyati

Abstract


Penelitian bertujuan meningkatkan kuantitas dan kualitas pertanyaan dan pernyataan siswa melalui penerapan discovery learning pada pembelajaran biologi SMA. Penelititan dilakukan selama 3 siklus, dengan subjek penelitian adalah 28 siswa kelas XI IPS 1 SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta. Data diperoleh dari observasi proses pembelajaran, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Validasi data menggunakan teknik triangulasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan analisis kualitatif. Analisa pertanyaan dan pernyataan menggunakan rubrik Taksonomi Bloom terevisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terjadi peningkatan kuantitas dan kualitas pertanyaan dan pernyataan siswa pada pembelajaran biologi dengan penerapan discovery learning. Peningkatan kuantitas merupakan pertambahan jumlah pertanyaan dan pernyataan dari baseline sebanyak 65 pertanyaan dan 157 pernyataan. Masing-masing siklus ditunjukkan dengan pertambahan pertanyaan dan pernyataan dari baseline yang diperoleh dari hasil observasi sebanyak 29 pertanyaan dan 56 pernyataan menjadi 84 pertanyaan dan 213 pernyataan di siklus 1, 88 pertanyaan dan 157 pernyataan di siklus 2, serta 94 pertanyaan dan 208 pernyataan di siklus 3. Peningkatan kualitas  merupakan pertambahan tingkat kognitif yang ditunjukkan dengan pergeseran proses berpikir dari C2 menjadi C5, serta pergeseran dimensi faktual menjadi dimensi pengetahuan di siklus 1, siklus 2, dan siklus 3. Kesimpulan dari penelitian adalah penerapan model discovery learning mampu meningkatkan kuantitas dan kualitas pertanyaan dan pernyataan siswa SMA pada pembelajaran biologi.

Keywords


pertanyaan, pernyataan, discovery learning

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v5i1.5440

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