Perdagangan Internasional dan HAM: Relasinya dengan Sustainable Development

Satria Unggul Wicaksana Prakasa

Abstract


Industrialization and export and import activities between countries around the world in this era of globalization. the issue of sustainable development in which the trade also related with physical and environmental aspects, but also considers the benefits and security of the man himself. Many facts encountered that some cases were found, the non-compliance of transnational corporations to pay attention to the principles of human rights fulfillment. Legal issues raised: (1) provisions on international trade, environment, and human rights. (2) case analysis related to international trade, environment and human rights. The research method used statue approach, conceptual approach, and case approach. Research results: (1) Countries are expected an important role in securing how the effects of human rights violations resulting from international trade activities can be minimized in such a way through the principles to protect, and respect for the human rights of citizens. Thus, the public benefits from many international trade activities conducted by the state. as well as sustainable development is also realized through the principle of remedy for transnational corporations found to have done environmental damage and accompanied by human rights violations in its business activities. (2) In the cases presented, it has proved that transnational corporations directly commit human rights violations and environmental destruction, to threats to the state sovereignty process. This issue needs to be addressed in the enforcement of international legal mechanisms. In the extraterritorial court's decision, it is difficult for plaintiffs who are victims of justice and accountability for human rights violations and environmental damage.


Keywords


International Trade; Sustainable Development; Human Rights, International Law Enforcement

Full Text:

PDF

References


a. Buku

Chioma, Filomina (2009). Environmental Justice in New Millenium: global perspectives on race, ethnicity, and human right. Bassingstone: Palgrave Macmilan.

Francioni, Fransesco (2001). Environment, Human Right, and International Trade. Oxford-Portland Oregon: Hart Publishing.

K. Anton, Donald dan L- Shelton, Dinah (2011). Environmental Protection & Human Right. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lee, Eun Sup (2012). World Trade Regulation: International Trade Under The WTO Mechanism. New York: Springer.

Marzuki, Peter Mahmud (2005). Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Group.

Matsushita, Mitsuo et.al, (2006). The World Trade Organization; law, practice, and policy. Oxford University Press: New York.

Pelaez, Ana Gonzalez (2005). Human Rights and World Trade: Hunger in International Society. New York: Routledge.

Prihandono, Iman dan Khairunisa, Andi (2016). Tanggung Jawab Korporasi dalam Hukum HAM Internasional. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Rao, P.K. (2000). The World Trade Organization and Environment. Bassingstoke: Palgrave Macmilan.

UNDP (2015). Sustainable Development Goals Booklet. New York: UNDP.

WTO (2015). Understanding the WTO. Geneva: WTO Publisher.

b. Jurnal dan Prosiding

Fasterling, Björn and Demuijnck, Geert (2013). Human Rights in the Void? Due Diligence in the UN Guding Principles on Business and Human Rights. Journal Business Ethics: JBE, 116(4).

Gundlach, E. R. (1989). Amoco Cadiz Litigation: Summary of the 1988 Court Decision. Proceedings of the 1989 Oil Spill Conference, Washington, D.C., American Petroleum Institute.

Maurice, John (2015). The Lancet. London, 386(9999).

Schumacher, Reinhard (2012). Adam Smith’s theory of absolute advantage and the use of doxography in the history of economics. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics, 5(2).

Zhivkova, Stela (2014). International Conference On Innovation, Technology Transfer And Education February 3-5, 2.

c. Regulasi, Putusan, Working Paper

Antonio G.M. La Vina, Gretchen Hoff, Anne Marie DeRose, (2002), The Successes and Failures of Johannesburg: a Story of Many Summits: a Report on the World Summit on Sustainable Development for Donors and Civil Society Organization, World Resource Institute, Washington D.C

Beanal vs Freeport MacMoran, Inc Case (9969 F.Supp. 362: 373)

In re Amoco Cadiz Case (in re Amoco Cadiz 659 F.2nd 789 (7th cr))

John Doe I, et al v Exxon Mobil Coorporation Case (393 E.Supp. 2d 20: 25)

Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, signing 1994 at Uruguay Round

Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights. (U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2003/12/Rev.2 (2003)).

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Report of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development A/CONF.151/26/Rev.1 (Vol. 1) (3–14 June 1992), Annex I, pp. 3–8, reprinted in 31 I.L.M. 874 (1992)

UN Office of the High Commision for Human Right, (2014). The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Relatioship to UN Global Compact Commitment, New York (U.N. Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/2003/12/Rev.2 (2003)).

d. Internet

http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/international-trade.html, akses 3 Januari 2018

http://www.greeners.co/berita/koalisi-anti-mafia-hutan-minta-pt-jatim-jaya-perkasa-membayar-ganti-rugi-karhutla/ , akses 30 Januari 2018

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Pages/WhatareHumanRights.aspx, diakses pada 1 Januari 2018

http://www.unisosdem.org/article_detail.php?aid=6343&coid=1&caid=56&gid=3, akses pada 24 Januari 2018

https://business-humanrights.org/en/united-nations-sub-commission-norms-on-business-human-rights-explanatory-materials , akses pada 10 Januari 2018

https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/district-courts/FSupp/969/362/1808395/, akses 28 Januari 2018

https://rspo.org/members/complaints/status-of-complaints/view/35, akses 30 Januari 2018




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/novelty.v9i1.a9224

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Hukum Novelty

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Hukum Novelty

ISSN (Print): 1412-6834

ISSN (Online): 2550-0090

Creative Commons License
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Jurnal Hukum Novelty Stats