Legal Protection of Incest Victims Who Have an Abortion

Achmad Prasetya Syailendra


Introduction to The Problem: Rape crime is a kind of violence against women in male sexual interests which show the position of vulnerable women. This gender-based violence is often caused by inequalities power in society or family. The annual report 2017 by the National Commission on Violence Against Women from sexual violence in private/personal sector, incest were the most reported cases as much as 1.210 cases. The incest case eventually spread to other criminal cases, for example, forced abortion by his family or the surrounding environment. The most detrimental impact of rape is pregnancy. Many rape victims can not bear the shame and disgrace; therefore, they prefer to stop their pregnancy or abortion even though abortion is illegal in Indonesia. That’s why legal protection of rape victim is needed, especially when the victim has an abortion.

Purpose/Objective Study: This research aims to re-reflect the legality of abortion laws which regulated in Indonesian law. Furthermore, this research also reviewing legal protection for incest rape victims who are forced to have an abortion.

Design/Methodology/Approach: This research is using a qualitative method with a normative judicial approach. The approach is carried out by examining library materials or secondary data as a basis for review, such as regulations and literature relating to the problem. The data is parsed in a descriptive narrative structured and coherent explanation.

Findings: The rules regarding abortion in Indonesia are various, starting from those that are fully prohibited, to regulations which stated the exceptions. The rules are stated in the Criminal Code which fully prohibits abortion. While another rules legalizes the abortion for certain exceptions. Through these laws and regulations, Indonesia became a country which on the one hand absolutely prohibited abortion and on the other hand allowed abortion only for three cases, there are protecting the lives of mother, protecting fetus, and victim of rape. Abortion due to incest rape needs to be given forgiveness for the condition of the victim in charging the penalty. The psychological impact is more severe when keeping the baby because if the victim sees and raises the baby in a state of being unprepared and depressed it has bad consequences for the baby and the mother. When the victim sees the baby it will cause trauma, remembering the incident, thus will not treat the baby well and the baby’s growth and development will not good either.

Paper Type: Research Article


Legal Protection; Abortion; Rape; Incest Victims

Full Text:



Aba, Y. A., Aba, G., Özkan, Ş., & Güzel, Y. (2016). Abortion policies around the world and in Turkey and its reflection on women’s health. International Journal of Human Sciences, 13(1), 1651–1665.

Aji Saputra, T. A., & Soponyono, E. (2018). Criminology study on pedophilia prevention in Inonesia. Jurnal Hukum Novelty, 9(2), 117-127.

Ariefka, Y., Sari, K., & Yulandari, N. (2018). Memaafkan pelaku perkosaan di masa konflik: Perjalanan panjang korban konflik di Aceh.

Seurune: Jurnal Psikologi Unsyiah, 1(2), 58-83. Retrieved from

Boland, R., & Katzive, L. (2008). Developments in laws on induced abortion: 1998 – 2007. International Family Planning Perspectives, 34(3), 110-120. Retrieved from

Dhewy, A. (2017). Analisis wacana kritis terhadap pasal aborsi dalam UU Kesehatan dan PP Kesehatan Reproduksi. Jurnal Perempuan

Untuk Pencerahan Dan Kesetaraan, 22(2), 147-153. Retrieved from

Fanani, A. Z. (2014). Berfilsafat dalam putusan hakim (teori dan praktik). Bandung: CV.Mandar Maju.

Guillaume, A., & Rossier, C. (2018). Abortion around the world: An overview of legislation, measures, trends, and consequences. Population, 73(2), 225–322.

Komisi Nasional Anti Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan. (2019).

Catatan kekerasan terhadap perempuan 2018. Retrieved from Tahunan Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan 2019.pdf

Makarao, M. T. (2010). Hukum acara pidana dalam teori dan praktik. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.

Mintarsih, M. (2017). Abortion in Indonesia: An overview of its current legislation. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, 4(5), 158–162. Retrieved from

Perry, R., Murphy, M., Haider, S., & Harwood, B. (2015). “One problem became anotherâ€: Disclosure of rape-related pregnancy in the abortion care setting. Women’s Health Issues, 25(5), 470–475.

Savitri, N. (2008). HAM perempuan. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Sedgh, & Ball. (2008). Abortion in Indonesia. New York.

Subdirektorat Statistik Politik dan Keamaan. (2018). Statistik kriminal 2018 (Vol. 4401002). Jakarta.

Surjadjaja, C. (2008). Policy analysis of abortion in Indonesia: The dynamic of state power, human need and women’s right. IDS Bulletin, 39(3), 62–71.

Surya Nugraha, A. T. (2018). Represi Terhadap Incest (Kajian Mengenai Kasus Incest di Kabupaten Aran Pandang). Jurnal Sosiologi Agama, 9(2), 89-104.

Susanti, Y. (2013). Perlindungan hukum bagi pelaku tindak pidana aborsi

(abortus provocatus) korban perkosaan.

Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Syiar Hukum, 15(2), 290–311. Retrieved from

Suyanto, B., Hidayat, M. A., Sugihartati, R., Ariadi, S., & Wadipalapa, R. P. (2019). Incestuous abuse of Indonesian girls: An exploratory study of media coverage. Children and Youth Services Review, 96(August 2018), 364–371.

Tanuwijaya, F. (2014). Abortion on law and moral perspective in Indonesia. Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, 28, 21–29. Retrieved from

Uddin, J. (2002). Abortion from the islamic viewpoint.

Jurnal Kedokteran YARSI, 10(1), 1–5.

Retrieved from

United Nations (Department of Economic and Social Affairs). (2014). Abortion policies and reproductive health around the world. New York.

Wedani, N. P. A. M., & Dananjaya, N. S. (2015). Perlindungan korban tindak pidana perkosaan selama proses peradilan pidana. Kertha Semaya, 3(2), 1–5. Retrieved from

Wisudanto, W. T. (2013). Penggunaan daya paksa sebagai alasan pemaaf oleh hakim dalam memutus perkara pidana (Studi kasus di Pengadilan Negeri Yogyakarta). Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta. Unpublished Thesis.

Yospin, H. (2015). Abortion in perspective the medical and criminal law of Indonesia. Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, 38, 22–28. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Hukum Novelty

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Hukum Novelty

ISSN 1412-6834 (Print)

ISSN 2550-0090 (Online)

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Hukum Novelty Stats


Jurnal Hukum Novelty has been covered by the following indexing site:




Jurnal Hukum Novelty is member of: