Impact of supplementation with beetroot juice (Beta vulgaris L) on levels of malondialdehyde and antioxidant status in athletes
Strenuous physical activity can increase lipid peroxidation, which is characterized by increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and decreased levels of antioxidants. It can drop the athlete's performance and health. It is possible to avoid or reduce lipid peroxidation through supplementation with antioxidants. Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L) produces different forms of natural antioxidants; however, its effectiveness still needs to be investigated. This research aimed to determine the impact of beetroot juice on the malondialdehyde concentration and antioxidant status during strenuous physical activity. The research used experimental (pre-test-post-test) using a control group. The researchers divided a total of 30 students who met the criteria into two groups (Experiment; n = 15; control; n = 15). The experimental group drank 250 mL of the juice 1 hour before training for four weeks. After the strenuous physical activity was carried out with a beep test, the researchers also checked the concentrations of MDA, TAC, and VO2max. The findings indicated a decrease in MDA concentration and an increase in TAC and VO2max to the training group that received 250 ml beet juice (p <0.05). The research concluded that beetroot juice administration during exercise could reduce malondialdehyde concentration and increase total antioxidant capacity and VO2max in athletes.
Alessio, Helaine M. et al. (2000). Generation of Reactive Oxygen Species after Exhaustive Aerobic and Isometric Exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
Ayala, Antonio, Mario F. Muñoz, and Sandro Argüelles. (2014). Lipid Peroxidation: Production, Metabolism, and Signaling Mechanisms of Malondialdehyde and 4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity.
Bailey, Stephen J. et al. (2009). Dietary Nitrate Supplementation Reduces the O2 Cost of Low-Intensity Exercise and Enhances Tolerance to High-Intensity Exercise in Humans. Journal of Applied Physiology.
———. (2010). Dietary Nitrate Supplementation Enhances Muscle Contractile Efficiency during Knee-Extensor Exercise in Humans. Journal of Applied Physiology.
Bao, Lei et al. (2016). Anti-Fatigue Effects of Small Molecule Oligopeptides Isolated from Panax Ginseng C. A. Meyer in Mice. Nutrients.
Bloomer, Richard J. (2010). Nitric Oxide Supplements for Sports. Strength and Conditioning Journal.
Bulduk, Emre Özgür. (2011). Plasma Antioxidant Responses and Oxidative Stress Following a 20 Meter Shuttle Run Test in Female Volleyball Players.
Chhikara, Navnidhi et al. (2019). Bioactive Compounds of Beetroot and Utilization in Food Processing Industry: A Critical Review. Food Chemistry.
Clifford, Tom, Glyn Howatson, Daniel J. West, and Emma J. Stevenson. (2015). The Potential Benefits of Red Beetroot Supplementation in Health and Disease. Nutrients.
Evans, William J. (2000). Vitamin E, Vitamin C, and Exercise. In American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,.
Georgiev, Vasil Georgiev et al. (2010). Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Content of Betalain Extracts from Intact Plants and Hairy Root Cultures of the Red Beetroot Beta vulgaris Cv. Detroit Dark Red. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition.
Gomez-Cabrera, Mari Carmen, Elena Domenech, and Jose Viña. (2008). Moderate Exercise Is an Antioxidant: Upregulation of Antioxidant Genes by Training. Free Radical Biology and Medicine.
Hobbs, Ditte A. et al. (2012). Blood Pressure-Lowering Effects of Beetroot Juice and Novel Beetroot-Enriched Bread Products in Normotensive Male Subjects. British Journal of Nutrition.
Ji, Li Li. (1999). Antioxidants and Oxidative Stress in Exercise. In Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine,.
Joyner, Michael J., and Darren P. Casey. (2015). Regulation of Increased Blood Flow (Hyperemia) to Muscles during Exercise: A Hierarchy of Competing Physiological Needs. Physiological Reviews.
Kanner, J., S. Harel, and R. Granit. (2001). Betalains - A New Class of Dietary Cationized Antioxidants. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Kawamura, Takuji, and Isao Muraoka. (2018). Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress and the Effects of Antioxidant Intake from a Physiological Viewpoint. Antioxidants.
Kim, S. H., K. S. Park, M. J. Chang, and J. H. Sung. (2005). Effects of Panax Ginseng Extract on Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness.
Koubaier, Hayet Ben Haj et al. (2014). Betalain and Phenolic Compositions, Antioxidant Activity of Tunisian Red Beet (Beta vulgaris L. Conditiva) Roots and Stems Extracts. International Journal of Food Properties.
Kozłowska, Lucyna et al. (2020). Changes in Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Muscle Damage Markers Following Diet and Beetroot Juice Supplementation in Elite Fencers. Antioxidants.
Kujala, Tytti S. et al. 2002. Betalain and Phenolic Compositions of Four Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) Cultivars. European Food Research and Technology.
Kujawska, Małgorzata et al. (2009.) Protective Effect of Red Beetroot against Carbon Tetrachloride- and N-Nitrosodiethylamine-Induced Oxidative Stress in Rats. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Lansley, Katherine E. et al. (2011). Acute Dietary Nitrate Supplementation Improves Cycling Time Trial Performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
Lechner, John F., and Gary D. Stoner. (2019). Red Beetroot and Betalains as Cancer Chemopreventative Agents. Molecules.
Liliana, Ceclu, and Nistor Oana-Viorela. (2020). Red Beetroot: Composition and Health Effects - A Review. Journal of Nutritional Medicine and Diet Care 5(2).
Liu, Rui et al. (2019). Small Molecule Oligopeptides Isolated from Walnut (Juglans regia L.) and Their Anti-Fatigue Effects in Mice. Molecules.
Lu, Xiaoling, Yuping Wang, and Zesheng Zhang. (2009). Radioprotective Activity of Betalains from Red Beets in Mice Exposed to Gamma Irradiation. European Journal of Pharmacology.
Lundberg, Jon O., Mattias Carlstörm, Filip J. Larsen, and Eddie Weitzberg. (2011). “Roles of Dietary Inorganic Nitrate in Cardiovascular Health and Disease. Cardiovascular Research.
Marius-Daniel, Radu, Schiopu Stelian, and Coprean Dragomir. (2010). The Effect of Acute Physical Exercise on the Antioxidant Status of the Skeletal and Cardiac Muscle in the Wistar Rat. Romanian Biotechnological Letters.
Mirmiran, Parvin et al. (2020). Functional Properties of Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) in Management of Cardio-Metabolic Diseases. Nutrition and Metabolism 17(1): 1–15.
Moflehi, Daruosh, Lian Yee Kok, Tengku Fadilah Tengku-Kamalden, and Saidon Amri. (2012). Effect of Single-Session Aerobic Exercise with Varying Intensities on Lipid Peroxidation and Muscle-Damage Markers in Sedentary Males. Global journal of health science.
Nemes, Roland et al. (2018). Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species Regulate Key Metabolic, Anabolic, and Catabolic Pathways in Skeletal Muscle. Antioxidants.
Ninfali, Paolino, and Donato Angelino. (2013). Nutritional and Functional Potential of Beta vulgaris Cicla and Rubra. Fitoterapia.
Pingitore, Alessandro et al. (2015). Exercise and Oxidative Stress: Potential Effects of Antioxidant Dietary Strategies in Sports. Nutrition.
Putri, Meriska Cesia, and Agustyas Tjiptaningrum. (2016). Efek Antianemia Buah Bit (Beta vulgaris L.). Majority.
S, Kumar, Shachi K, Dubey NK, and Dubey U.(2020). Anti-Diabetic and Haematinic Effects of Beet Root Juice (Beta vulgaris L.) in Alloxan Induced Type-1 Diabetic Albino Rats. Journal of Diabetes Research and Therapy.
Shiva, Sruti et al. (2007). Deoxymyoglobin Is a Nitrite Reductase That Generates Nitric Oxide and Regulates Mitochondrial Respiration. Circulation Research.
Simioni, Carolina et al. (2018). Oxidative stress: role of physical exercise and antioxidant nutraceuticals in adulthood and aging. .Oncotarget.
Stamler, J. S., and G. Meissner. (2001). Physiology of Nitric Oxide in Skeletal Muscle. Physiological Reviews.
Tesoriere, Luisa et al. (2008). In Vitro Digestion of Betalainic Foods. Stability and Bioaccessibility of Betaxanthins and Betacyanins and Antioxidative Potential of Food Digesta. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Thirumalai, T., S. Viviyan Therasa, E. K. Elumalai, and E. David. (2011). Intense and Exhaustive Exercise Induce Oxidative Stress in Skeletal Muscle.” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease.
Winkler, Christiana et al. (2005). In Vitro Effects of Beet Root Juice on Stimulated and Unstimulated Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology.
Xu, Meihong, Rui Liang, Yong Li, and Junbo Wang. (2017). Anti-Fatigue Effects of Dietary Nucleotides in Mice. Food and Nutrition Research.
Yulia. 2015. “Makanan Fungsional.” FoodTech - BINUS.
Zhao, Guangfu et al. (2018). Betaine in Inflammation: Mechanistic Aspects and Applications. Frontiers in Immunology.
Article MetricsAbstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 Fajar Apollo Sinaga, Rika Nailuvar Sinaga
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Office: Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jl. Prof. Dr. Soepomo, S.H., Janturan, Warungboto, Umbulharjo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Kode pos 55164