Analyzing challenging aspects of IPv6 over IPv4

Shahzad Ashraf, Durr Muhammad, Zeeshan Aslam


The exponential expansion of the Internet has exhausted the IPv4 addresses provided by IANA. The new IP edition, i.e. IPv6 introduced by IETF with new features such as a simplified packet header, a greater address space, a different address sort, improved encryption, powerful section routing, and stronger QoS. ISPs are slowly seeking to migrate from current IPv4 physical networks to new generation IPv6 networks. ‎The move from actual IPv4 to software-based IPv6 is very sluggish, since billions of computers across the globe use IPv4 addresses. The configuration and actions of IP4 and IPv6 protocols are distinct. Direct correspondence between IPv4 and IPv6 is also not feasible. In terms of the incompatibility problems, all protocols can co-exist throughout the transformation for a few years. Compatibility, interoperability, and stability are key concerns between IP4 and IPv6 protocols. After the conversion of the network through an IPv6, the move causes several issues for ISPs. The key challenges faced by ISPs are packet traversing, routing scalability, performance reliability, and protection. Within this study, we meticulously analyzed a detailed overview of all aforementioned issues during switching into ipv6 network.


QoS, Networking, mitigating, interoperability‎, VPN.

Full Text:



C.-H. Chen, Y.-A. Lin, W.-T. Wu, Y.-T. Huang, and C.-C. Chu, “Design and Implementation of IPv4 and IPv6 Provisioning Technologies for VPC Architecture,” in 2019 20th Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium (APNOMS), Sep. 2019, pp. 1–4, doi: 10.23919/APNOMS.2019.8892911.

S. Ashraf, M. Gao, Z. Chen, S. Kamran, and Z. Raza, “Efficient Node Monitoring Mechanism in WSN using Contikimac Protocol,” Int. J. Adv. Comput. Sci. Appl., vol. 8, no. 11, 2017, doi: 10.14569/IJACSA.2017.081152.

R. K. CV and H. Goyal, “IPv4 to IPv6 Migration and Performance Analysis using GNS3 and Wireshark,” in 2019 International Conference on Vision Towards Emerging Trends in Communication and Networking (ViTECoN), Mar. 2019, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/ViTECoN.2019.8899746.

X. Shen et al., “AI-Assisted Network-Slicing Based Next-Generation Wireless Networks,” IEEE Open J. Veh. Technol., vol. 1, pp. 45–66, 2020, doi: 10.1109/OJVT.2020.2965100.

S. Ashraf, S. Saleem, A. H. Chohan, Z. Aslam, and A. Raza, “Challenging strategic trends in green supply chain ‎management,” Int. J. Res. Eng. Appl. Sci. JREAS, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 71–74, 2020. Online

R. Casellas, R. Vilalta, R. Martínez, and R. Muñoz, “Highly available SDN control of flexi-grid networks with network function virtualization-enabled replication,” IEEEOSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. A207–A215, Feb. 2017, doi: 10.1364/JOCN.9.00A207.

S. Ashraf, T. Ahmed, A. Raza, and H. Naeem, “Design of Shrewd Underwater Routing Synergy Using Porous Energy Shells,” Smart Cities, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 74–92, Feb. 2020, doi: 10.3390/smartcities3010005.

X. Wu et al., “State of the Art and Research Challenges in the Security Technologies of Network Function Virtualization,” IEEE Internet Comput., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 25–35, Jan. 2020, doi: 10.1109/MIC.2019.2956712.

S. Blawid, D. Neves, and R. Moura, “Exploring Quantum Tunneling in Ultrathin Transistors with Multiple Top Gates,” in 2020 IEEE Latin America Electron Devices Conference (LAEDC), Feb. 2020, pp. 1–4, doi: 10.1109/LAEDC49063.2020.9072965.

S. Ashraf, T. Ahmed, S. Saleem, and Z. Aslam, “Diverging Mysterious in Green Supply Chain Management,” Orient. J. Comput. Sci. Technol., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 22–28, May 2020, doi: 10.13005/ojcst13.01.02.

J. Beeharry and B. Nowbutsing, “Forecasting IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 migration,” in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Innovative Business Practices for the Transformation of Societies (EmergiTech), Aug. 2016, pp. 336–340, doi: 10.1109/EmergiTech.2016.7737362.

S. Ashraf and T. Ahmed, “Dual-nature biometric recognition epitome,” Trends Comput. Sci. Inf. Technol., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 008–014, Jun. 2020, doi: 10.17352/tcsit.000012.

S. S. Kolahi, V. S. Hora, A. P. Singh, S. Bhatti, and S. R. Yeeda, “Performance Comparison of Cloud Computing/IoT Virtualization Software, Hyper-V vs vSphere,” in 2020 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences (ASET), Feb. 2020, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/ASET48392.2020.9118185.

G. Liu, W. Quan, N. Cheng, H. Zhang, and X. Shen, “VLI: Variable-Length Identifier for Interconnecting Heterogeneous IoT Networks,” IEEE Wirel. Commun. Lett., pp. 1–1, 2020, doi: 10.1109/LWC.2020.2982641.

S. Ashraf and T. Ahmed, “Machine Learning Shrewd Approach for an Imbalanced Dataset Conversion Samples,” J. Eng. Technol. JET, vol. 11, no. 1, Jun. 2020, Accessed: Jul. 05, 2020. Online

N. Roddav, K. Streit, G. D. Rodosek and A. Pras, "On the Usage of DSCP and ECN Codepoints in Internet Backbone Traffic Traces for IPv4 and IPv6," 2019 International Symposium on Networks, Computers and Communications (ISNCC), Istanbul, Turkey, 2019, pp. 1-6, doi: 10.1109/ISNCC.2019.8909187

F. K. Al-Fayyadh, “Performance of Wireless Network IEEE 802.11 under Dual-Stack Environment,” in 2018 International Conference on Engineering Technology and their Applications (IICETA), May 2018, pp. 13–18, doi: 10.1109/IICETA.2018.8458070.

S. Ashraf, Z. A. Arfeen, M. A. Khan, and T. Ahmed, “SLM-OJ: Surrogate Learning Mechanism during Outbreak Juncture,” Int. J. Mod. Trends Sci. Technol., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 162–167, May 2020, doi: 10.46501/IJMTST060525.

A. Khatiri and G. Mirjalily, “Resource Balanced Service Chaining in NFV-enabled Inter-Datacenter Elastic Optical Networks,” in 2020 12th International Conference on Knowledge and Smart Technology (KST), Jan. 2020, pp. 168–171, doi: 10.1109/KST48564.2020.9059321.

S. Ashraf, A. Raza, Z. Aslam, H. Naeem, and T. Ahmed, “Underwater Resurrection Routing Synergy using Astucious Energy Pods,” J. Robot. Control JRC, vol. 1, no. 5, 2020, doi: 10.18196/jrc.1535.

A. Sharma, "Mission Swachhta: Mobile application based on Mobile Cloud Computing," 2020 10th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science & Engineering (Confluence), Noida, India, 2020, pp. 133-138. doi: 10.1109/Confluence47617.2020.9057926

M. Welzl, S. Islam, R. Barik, S. Gjessing, and A. Elmokashfi, “Investigating the Delay Impact of the DiffServ Code Point (DSCP),” in 2019 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC), Feb. 2019, pp. 612–616, doi: 10.1109/ICCNC.2019.8685538.

S. Ashraf, Z. Aslam, A. Yahya, and A. Tahir, “Underwater Routing Protocols Analysis of Intrepid Link Selection Mechanism, Challenges and Strategies,” Int. J. Sci. Res. Comput. Sci. Eng., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1–9, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.26438/ijsrcse/v8i2.19.

S. Mehraban, Komil. B. Vora, and D. Upadhyay, “Deploy Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) Using Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF),” in 2018 2nd International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI), May 2018, pp. 543–548, doi: 10.1109/ICOEI.2018.8553949.

S. Ashraf, A. Ahmad, A. Yahya, and T. Ahmed, “Underwater routing protocols: Analysis of link selection challenges,” AIMS Electron. Electr. Eng., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 234–248, 2020, doi: 10.3934/ElectrEng.2020.3.234.

P. L. Ventre, M. M. Tajiki, S. Salsano and C. Filsfils, "SDN Architecture and Southbound APIs for IPv6 Segment Routing Enabled Wide Area Networks," in IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1378-1392, Dec. 2018, doi: 10.1109/TNSM.2018.2876251.

S. Ashraf, M. Gao, Z. Mingchen, T. Ahmed, A. Raza, and H. Naeem, “USPF: Underwater Shrewd Packet Flooding Mechanism through Surrogate Holding Time,” Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput., vol. 2020, pp. 1–12, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.1155/2020/9625974.

N. M. Tri and M. Tsuru, “Locating Deteriorated Links by Network-Assisted Multicast Proving on OpenFlow Networks,” in 2019 IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications (ISCC), Jun. 2019, pp. 1–6, doi: 10.1109/ISCC47284.2019.8969739.

F. Yan, T. T. Lee, and W. Hu, “Congestion-Aware Embedding of Heterogeneous Bandwidth Virtual Data Centers with Hose Model Abstraction,” IEEEACM Trans. Netw., vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 806–819, Apr. 2017, doi: 10.1109/TNET.2016.2606480.

Z. Shao, K. Zhang, and H. Jin, “Improving fairness of network bandwidth allocation for virtual machines in cloud environment,” in 2016 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking (BlackSeaCom), Jun. 2016, pp. 1–5, doi: 10.1109/BlackSeaCom.2016.7901600.

K. Cassady et al., “Network segregation varies with neural distinctiveness in sensorimotor cortex,” NeuroImage, vol. 212, p. 116663, May 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116663.

T. Benson, A. Akella, A. Shaikh, and S. Sahu, "CloudNaaS: A Cloud Networking Platform for Enterprise Applications," SOCC '11: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Symposium on Cloud Computing, pp. 1-13, October 2018. doi: 10.1145/2038916.2038924

Da Fonseca, Nelson LS, and Raouf Boutaba, eds. Cloud services, networking, and management. John Wiley & Sons, 2015. Online


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Elektro Komputer dan Informatika (JITEKI)
ISSN 2338-3070 (print) | 2338-3062 (online)
Organized by Electrical Engineering Department - Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Email 1: (publication issues)
Email 2: (info and paper handling issues)

Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

View JITEKI stat