Kontekstualisasi Pendayagunaan Zakat di Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (BAZNAS) Kota Pekanbaru Berdasarkan Undang-Undang No. 23 Tahun 2011 Tentang Pengelolaan Zakat

Yeni Triana, Hasan Basri, Muhammad Azani

Abstract


Article 27 Paragraph (1) and (2)   Law of 23 Year 2011 on management of zakat states that zakat can be empowered for the weak economic community. This article discusses contextualization, contextualization efforts, obstacles and efforts to overcome the constraints of the contextualization of utilization of zakat in Baznas Pekanbaru City based on Law of 23 2011 on Zakat Management. The results showed that the contextualization of utilization of zakat in Baznas Pekanbaru City is ijtihad conducted by amil zakat in an effort to increase the prosperity of mustahik zakat into muzaki. Article 27 Paragraph (1) and Paragraph (2) above make no clear mention of appropriate models, patterns and mechanisms regarding the utilization of zakat in the sense of empowerment, so that the contextualization ijtihad conducted by Baznas Pekanbaru City is very different from the pattern of zakat utilization in the other region. Contextualization effort is an effort to change the mindset of zakat mustahik from consumptive to be productive in accordance with the purpose of substance of zakat. These efforts should be followed with appropriate and appropriate targeted patterns of community empowerment. Contextualization efforts should have a roadmap (roadmap) as a guide for the implementation of zakat utilization. The Strategy conducted by Baznas Pekanbaru City in carrying out the above efforts is to development zakat community based or zakat community development. Obstacles and efforts to be done in overcoming these barriers are, first, the lack of public awareness in zakat, thus, its lack understanding should be overcomed by increasing the socialization of true rule (fiqh) of zakat. Second, the lack of qualified human resources should be overcomed by increasing the well understanding of zakat for amil zakat, its management, and its empowerment. Third, the inadequate barriers about zakat information systems have resulted in unintegrated of the mustahik and muzaki database, that is why, it should be complemented with the updated integration of zakat management information system.

Keywords


Contextualization of utilization of zakat; muzaki; mustahik zakat

Full Text:

PDF

References


A.A. Miftah, Pembaharuan Zakat Untuk Pengentasan Kemiskinan di Indoensia, Jurnal Innovatio, Vol. VII, No. 14, Juli-Desember 2008.

Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad bin Ismail al Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Beirut: Dar Ibn Kasirt, 2002.

Abu ‘Abdurrahman Muhammad Asyraf Ibn Amir al’Azim alAbari, Aunul Ma’bud Li Abû Dâwud, Riyadh: Baitul Afkar ad Duwaliyyah, 1996.

Ancas Sulchantifa Pribadi, Pelaksanaan Pengelolaan Zakat Undang-Undang No. 38 Tahun 1999 tentang Pengelolaan Zakat, Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro, 2006.

Dail Hikam, Pendayagunaan Zakat Di Indonesia: Studi Kasus Pada BAZDA DKI Jakarta, Jakarta: UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 2008.

Didin Hafidhuddin, Agar Harta Berkah dan Bertambah, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 2007. Sabda Andika Galuh, Pelaksanaan Zakat Profesi Pegawai Negeri Sipil Di Kantor Unit Pengembangan Latihan Kegiatan Belajar Provinsi Kalbar, Jurnal Gloria Yuris, Vol.1, No. 1, Tahun 2012.

Didin Hafidhuddin, Agar Harta Berkah dan Bertambah, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 2007.

Irfan Syauqi Beik dan Tiara Tsani, Menurunkan Kemiskinan Melalui Pendayagunaan Zakat, Iqtishidia Jurnal Ekonomi Islam Republika, Februari 2012.

Laporan Tahunan Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (Baznas) Kota Pekanbaru Tahun 2015.

Masdar Farid Mas`udi, Agama Keadilan: Risalah Zakat (Pajak) Dalam Islam, (Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1993.

Muhammad Abu Zahrah, Penerapan Zakat Dalam Dunia Modern, Jakarta: Pustaka Dian, 2001.

Safwan Idris, “ZIS Sebagai Media Pembebasan dan Pemberdayaan”, dalam Hasil Rumusan Musyawarah Kerja Nasional II Lembaga Pengelola ZIS, di Batam 15-17 Ramadan 1420 H, Jakarta: Forum Zakat, 1999.

Sjechul Hadi Permono, Pendayagunaan Zakat Dalam Rangka Pembangunan Nasional, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1995.

__________________, Spektrum Zakat Dalam Membangun Ekonomi Kerakyatan, Jakarta: Zikrul Hakim, 2005.

Yusuf Qardhawi, Likay Tanjaha Muassasata al-Zakâh fi Tathbîqi al-Mu'akhir, terj. Asmuni Sholihin, Zamaksyari, Jakarta: Media Dakwah, 1997.

____________, F iqh al-Zakâh, Juz I-II, Bairût: Muassasah al-Risâlah, 1994.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/novelty.v9i1.a7459

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Hukum Novelty

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Hukum Novelty

ISSN (Print): 1412-6834

ISSN (Online): 2550-0090

Creative Commons License
This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Jurnal Hukum Novelty Stats