Self-efficacy source and career adaptability: The mediating roles of career decision self-efficacy

Firosyana Rizki Amalia, Farida Kurniawati


Career adaptability is defined as individual’s ability to make self and environmental assessments in order to deal with changes that occur to themselves and the environment — both planned and unplanned. Being sure about the ability to perform tasks related career decision making is one factor that holds an important role on career adaptability. This sense of confidence is often called as career decision self-efficacy. The aim of this research was to identify which source of self-efficacy that plays a significant role to form career adaptability with career decision self-efficacy as a mediator. The study involved Year 12 grade students of senior high school, consisting of 47 male and 205 female. Career Adapt-Abilities Scale (CAAS), Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy–Short Form (CDSE-SF), and Career Exploration and Decision Learning Experiences (CEDLE) Scale were used to collect the data. The results show that career decision self-efficacy (CSDE) mediated the relationship between each source of self efficacy to career adaptability. Four of five sources of self-efficacy provide influence through two ways, i.e. direct influence on career adaptability and through the mediating role of CDSE. Meanwhile, other people's successful experience has an influence on career adaptability only through CDSE mediation. Therefore, enhancing one or more source of self-efficacy will help adolescence develop a good career adaptability.


career adaptability, career decision self-efficacy, source of self-efficacy

Full Text:



Ahn, H. S., Bong, M., & Kim, S. (2017). Social models in the cognitive appraisal of self-efficacy information. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 48, 149-166.

Amir, T., & Gati, I. (2006). Facets of career decision-making difficulties. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 34(4), 483-503.

Bandura, A. S. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37(2), 122-147.

Bandura, A. S. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: W H Freeman Company.

Bashkara, P. (2018, January 25). Banyak lulusan SMA yang sadar salah jurusan ketika sudah jadi mahasiswa (Many high school graduates are aware of the wrong direction when they are undergraduate students). Warta Kota. Retrieved from

Betz, N. E., Klein, K. L., & Taylor, K. M. (1996). Evaluation of a short form of the career decision-making self-efficacy scale. Journal of Career Assessment, 4(1), 47-57.

Cozby, P. C., & Bates, S. (2015). Methods in behavioral research (Twelfth ed). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Field, A. P. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS: and sex, drugs and rock "n" roll (3rd ed). Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

Fouad, N., Cotter, E. W., & Kantamneni, N. (2009). The effectiveness of a career decision-making course. Journal of Career Assessment, 17(3), 338-347.

Guan, P., Capezio, A., Restubog, S. L. D., Read, S., Lajom, J. A. L., & Li, M. (2016). The role of traditionality in the relationships among parental support, career decision-making self-efficacy and career adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 94, 114-123.

Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Hirschi, A., & Valero, D. (2015). Career adaptability profiles and their relationship to adaptivity and adapting. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 88, 220-229.

Hou, C., Wu, L., & Liu, Z. (2014). Effect of proactive personality and decision-making self-efficacy on career adaptability among Chinese graduates. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 42(6), 903-912.

Indianti, W. (2015). Dukungan sosial dan regulasi diri dalam belajar untuk membangun adaptabilitas karier pada mahasiswa baru Universitas Indonesia (Social support and self regulation in learning to develop carier adaptability among ner undergraduate students in University of (Ph.D Thesis). Universitas Indonesia, Depok.

Jasmine, J. (2016). Hubungan antara persepsi siswa terhadap program bimbingan konseling karier dan adaptabilitas karir pada siswa SMA kelas 3 (The relationship between students' perception on carier counseling program and carier adaptability among Grade 3 students of senior (Undergraduate Thesis). Universitas Indonesia, Depok.

Klassen, R. M. (2004). A cross-cultural investigation of the efficacy beliefs of South Asian immigrant and Anglo Canadian nonimmigrant early adolescents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96(4), 731-742.

Lee, S.-A., Lee, H.-S., Song, H.-S., & Kim, S.-G. (2015). The relationship between attachment and career maturity: The mediating role of self-efficacy. International Social Work, 58(1), 153-164.

Lent, R. W., Ireland, G. W., Penn, L. T., Morris, T. R., & Sappington, R. (2017). Sources of self-efficacy and outcome expectations for career exploration and decision-making: A test of the social cognitive model of career self-management. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 99, 107-117.

Ochs, L. A., & Roessler, R. T. (2004). Predictors of career exploration intentions: A social cognitive career theory perspective. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 47(4), 224-233.

Santrock, J. W. (2014). Adolescence (Fifteenth). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Savickas, M. L. (1997). Career adaptability: An integrative construct for life-span, life-space theory. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 247-259.

Savickas, M. L. (2013). Career construction theory and practice. Career Development and Counseling: Putting Theory and Research to Work, 2, 144-180.

Savickas, M. L., & Porfeli, E. J. (2012). Career Adapt-Abilities Scale: Construction, reliability, and measurement equivalence across 13 countries. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(3), 661-673.

Sawitri, D. R. (2009). Pengaruh status identitas dan efikasi diri keputusan karir terhadap keraguan mengambil keputusan karir pada mahasiswa tahun pertama di Universitas Diponegoro (The effect of dentity status and carier decision self efficacy on doubts about making carier dec. Jurnal Psikologi Undip, 5(2), 14.

Sawitri, D. R., Creed, P. A., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2014). Parental influences and adolescent career behaviours in a collectivist cultural setting. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 14(2), 161-180.

Sinclair, S., Carlsson, R., & Björklund, F. (2014). The role of friends in career compromise: Same-gender friendship intensifies gender differences in educational choice. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84(2), 109-118.

Usher, E. L., & Pajares, F. (2009). Sources of self-efficacy in mathematics: A validation study. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 34(1), 89-101.

Yunandika, N. (2018, April 11). Angka siswa yang salah pilih jurusan masih tinggi (High number of students incorrectly choose department). Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

HUMANITAS: Indonesian Psychological Journal
ISSN 1693-7236 (print), 2598-6368 (online)
Email :

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

View My Stats