Biodiesel dari Limbah Pabrik Gula dan Minyak Jarak Pagar (Jatropha curcas) dengan Katalisator Zeolit Alam Klinoptilolite

Ratna Sri Harjanti, Anugrah Perdana Rahmanta

Abstract


The fuel price increase with the increase of the number of transportation due to the increasing numbers of the population. Indonesia with more than 200 million people in need of transportation fuels in the form of gasoline and diesel in large quantities. Currently the main source of transportation fuels derived from petroleum. Premium production in Indonesia is about 62 million barrels and production of about 87 million barrels of diesel fuel. The product does not include the use for other needs, such as lubricating oil, kerosene, avgas, as well as other materials. This is particularly worrying given the oil reserves are dwindling. One of the alternative energy for transportation fuels is biodiesel as a substitute for diesel fuel.The castor oil has potential to be used as biodiesel. Fusel oil is a sugar mill waste containing alcohol. The reaction between castor oil and fusel oil with natural zeolite catalyst klinoptilolite be referred to as alcoholysis reactions that produce esters. Castor oil and fusel oil mixed with zeolite powder klinoptilolite that previously had been heated in a separate place until it reached its boiling temperature. Three neck flask fitted with a thermometer, hoses trailer makers, heater, and the agitator on 100 rpm with 100 oC of temperature. Snapshot taken at intervals of 30 minutes each. Conversion reaction calculated by analyzing the levels of glycerol bottom layer by means asetin. Alcoholysis fusel oil and castor oil with natural zeolite catalyst klinoptilolite produce esters that are approaching the properties of diesel oil with a calorific value of 19 119 Btu/lb. Optimum conversion of 57 % was obtained in alcohol - oil ratio of 9.29 mgek/mgek and the addition of a catalyst as much as 2.56% of the weight of oil.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Harjanti, R.S., 2009. Alkoholisis Minyak Jarak dengan Katalisator Zeolit Alam Klinoptilolite Secara Batch pada Suhu di Atas Titik Didih Etanol, Tesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Maiorella, B.L. 1985. Ethanol Fermentation. Comprehensive Biotechnol. Young M (ed), Pergamon Press Oxford. Vol 3, pp.861-914.

Hambali, E., dkk, 2006. Jarak Pagar Tanaman Penghasil Biodiesel. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Haslego, C., 1999. Green Chemistry with Zeolite Catalyst, www.cheresources.com, diakses 20 Februari 2009.

Kirk, R.E., and Othmer, D.F., 1979. Encyclopedia of Chemical Thecnology. vol.5, pp.817-819, Interscience Encyclopedia, Inc., New York.

Liu, X, Piao, X, Wang, Y and Zhu, S, 2008. Calsium Ethoxide as a Solid Base Catalyst for The Transesterification of Soybean Oil to Biodiesel. Energy & Fuels 22: 1313-1317.

Serio, M.D., Teseer, R., Pengmei, and Santacesaria, 2008. Heterogeneous Catalyst for Biodiesel Production. Energy & Fuel, 22: 207-217.

Griffin, R.C., 1995. Technical Methods of Analysis. 2 ed., pp. 107-110, Mc Graw Hill Book Company, Inc., New York.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/chemica.v2i2.4565

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 312 times
PDF - 176 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Abstracted/Indexed by:


 
CHEMICA: Jurnal Teknik Kimia
ISSN: 2355-875X (print) 2355-8776(online)
Organized by Chemical Engineering Department - Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Website: http://journal.uad.ac.id/index.php/CHEMICA
Email 1: chemica@che.uad.ac.id
Email 2: agus.aktawan@che.uad.ac.id
 


View CHEMICA stat

Lisensi Creative Commons

This work is licensed under a Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.