Comparative Study Improving Residential Load Factor Using Power Shifting and Load Shifting
One the problems of electric power stability is due to load fluctuations in distribution system especialy during peak load conditions. One solution which is applied in Smart Grid scheme is through load shifting or power shifting. In load shifting the load with high power consumption which operates at peak load shifted its operations outside of the peak load or s some loads with high power consumption do not operate at the same time, there is a load whose operating time is shifted to reduce peak power. Power shifting is used when energy from renewable source not directly suplied to load but storage first and supplied to reduce high power consumption to reduce peak power. Low load factor, ratio between average power to peak power, may affect to power system operation. If load factor of residential load can keep in low, it will be certainly help improve the stability of the power system.
In this study we will examine the comparison of load shifting method with power shifting in improving load factor. Load shifting is done to water pumps and washing machines, because washing machine is shiftable load. Power shifting is made to the output power of the solar power plant, which is used to reduce peak power from the water pump.
Test results show that power shifting can increase load factor value up to 54,9% while load shifting give load factor value equal to 43,9%.
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