Ship Speed Estimation using Wireless Sensor Networks: Three and Five Sensors Formulation

Ajib Setyo Arifin, Dina Kusuma Wahyuni, Muhammad Suryanegara, Muhammad Asvial


Intrusion detection on the sea is an important surveillance problem for harbor protection, border security, and commercial facilities such as oil platforms, fisheries facilities and other marine wealth. Widely used methods for ship detection are using radar or satellite which are very expensive. Besides the high cost, the satellite image is easily affected by the cloud. And it is difficult to detect small boats or ships on the sea with marine radar due to the noise or clutters generated by the uneven sea surface. In this paper,  we present a ship detection process by taking advantage of of ship-generated waves characteristics with Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).  In the detection process, we use accelerometer sensors  to measure the actual surface movement of ship waves. We deploy 3 nodes and  5 nodes sensor manually in grid fashion.  We propose ship speed estimation formula based on three and five deployed nodes which can accommodate the node movements caused by sea waves. Research carried out by conducting experiments based on actual data speed and vessel trajectory angle to be compared with the results of the formulation based estimation. We perform a quantitative analysis of the detection system results with expectation of  better error estimation measurements compare with the previous research (using 4 nodes with error estimation result less than 20 %), therefore the trajectory angle and ship speed estimation results can be closer to the actual experimental data results.


Harbor Protection; Wireless Sensor Network (WSN); Ship Speed Detection; Accelerometer Sensor


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