Lung cancer classification based on CT scan image by applying FCM segmentation and neural network technique
Ahmad Zoebad Foeady, Siti Ria Riqmawatin, Dian Candra Rini Novitasari
The number of people with lung cancer has reached approximately 2.09 million people worldwide. Out of 9.06 million cases of death, 1.76 million people die due to lung cancer. Lung cancer can be automatically identified using a computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) such as image processing. The steps taken for early detection are pre-processing feature extraction, and classification. Pre-processing is carried out in several stages, namely grayscale images, noise removal, and contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization. This image feature extracted using GLCM and classified using 2 method of neural network which is feed forward neural network (FFNN) dan feed backward neural network (FBNN). This research aims to obtain the best neural network model to classify lung cancer a. Based on training time and accuracy, the best method of FFNN is kernel extreme learning machine (KELM), with a training time of 12 seconds and an accuracy of 93.45%, while the best method of FBNN is Backpropagation with a training time of 18 minutes 04 seconds and an accuracy of 97.5%.