Evaluation of load balancing approaches for Erlang concurrent application in cloud systems

Chanintorn Jittawiriyanukoon


Cloud system accommodates the computing environment including PaaS (platform as a service), SaaS (software as a service), and IaaS (infrastructure as service) that enables the services of cloud systems.  Cloud system allows multiple users to employ computing services through browsers, which reflects an alternative service model that alters the local computing workload to a distant site. Cloud virtualization is another characteristic of the clouds that deliver virtual computing services and imitate the functionality of physical computing resources. It refers to an elastic load balancing management that provides the flexible model of on-demand services. The virtualization allows organizations to improve high levels of reliability, accessibility, and scalability by having a capability to execute applications on multiple resources simultaneously. In this paper we use a queuing model to consider a flexible load balancing and evaluate performance metrics such as mean queue length, throughput, mean waiting time, utilization, and mean traversal time. The model is aware of the arrival of concurrent applications with an Erlang distribution. Simulation results regarding performance metrics are investigated. Results point out that in Cloud systems both the fairness and load balancing are to be significantly considered.


cloud virtualization; Erlang distribution function; load balancing; queueing network analysis; simulation;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/telkomnika.v18i4.13150

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TELKOMNIKA Telecommunication, Computing, Electronics and Control
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