Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction in Undergraduate Students: Cross Cultural Study in Indonesia and China
The purpose of this research was to compare cross-culturally between belief in a just world and life satisfaction among students in China and Indonesia. Subjects in this study were 194 students in China and 112 students in Indonesia who vary in religion, race, and study field. This research used three scales to collect the data, the Global Belief in Just World Scale, Personal Belief in Just World Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The correlation test showed that for Indonesian subjects, the strong correlation is between Personal Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction (r = 0.330, p = 0.000). And for China subjects, the strong correlation is between Personal Belief in Just World and Life Satisfaction (r = 0.412, p = 0.000). From the comparative test, Global Belief in Just World in Indonesia subjects was higher than in China subjects (h2 = 0.066, p = 0.000). A more detailed explanation will be provided in this paper.
Abubakar, A., Van de Vijver, F. J. R., Suryani, A. O., Handayani, P., & Pandia, W. S. (2015). Perceptions of Parenting Styles and Their Associations with Mental Health and Life Satisfaction Among Urban Indonesian Adolescents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(9), 2680–2692. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0070-x
Antaramian, S. P., Huebner, E. S., & Valois, R. F. (2008). Adolescent life satisfaction. Applied Psychology, 57(SUPPL. 1), 112–126. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00357.x
Chang, E. C., Chang, O. D., Li, M., Xi, Z., Liu, Y., Zhang, X., Wang, X., Li, Z., Zhang, M., Zhang, X., & Chen, X. (2019). Positive emotions, hope, and life satisfaction in Chinese adults: a test of the broaden-and-build model in accounting for subjective well-being in Chinese college students. Journal of Positive Psychology, 14(6), 829–835. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2019.1579358.
Chu, J. J., Khan, M. H., Jahn, H. J., & Kraemer, A. (2015). Only-child status in relation to perceived stress and studying-related life satisfaction among university students in China: A comparison with international students. PLoS ONE, 10(12), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144947
Dalbert, C. (2009). Belief in a Just World Claudia Dalbert. Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior, 288–297.
Dalbert, C., & Stoeber, J. (2006). The personal belief in a just world and domain-specific beliefs about justice at school and in the family: A longitudinal study with adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30(3), 200–207. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025406063638
Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3).
Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The staisfaction with life scale. 49(1), 71–75. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901
Djaling, K. W., & Purba, D. E. (2019). Efek mediasi makna hidup pada hubungan antara grit dan kepuasan hidup pada mahasiswa. Jurnal Psikologi Ulayat, 6, 135–149. https://doi.org/10.24854/jpu02019-233
Gularso, D., Sugito, & Zamroni. (2019). Kawruh pamomong: Children education based on local wisdom in yogyakarta. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 38(2), 343–355. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i2.21556
Jessor, R., Turbin, M. S., Costa, F. M., Dong, Q., Zhang, H., & Wang, C. (2003). Adolescent problem behavior in china and the united states: a cross-national study of psychosocial protective factors. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 13(3), 329–360. https://doi.org/10.1111/1532-7795.1303004
Jurkin, M., & Adoric, V. C. (2008). Belief in a just world and depression. 4th European Conference on Positive Psychology. https://doi.org/10.2307/1389045
Kastanakis, M. N., & Voyer, B. G. (2014). The effect of culture on perception and cognition: A conceptual framework. Journal of Business Research, 67(4), 425–433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2013.03.028
Kim-Prieto, C., Diener, E., Tamir, M., Scollon, C., & Diener, M. (2005). Integrating the diverse definitions of happiness: A time-sequential framework of subjective well-being. Journal of Happiness Studies, 6(3), 261–300. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-005-7226-8
Lench, H. C., & Chang, E. S. (2007). Belief in an unjust world: When beliefs in a just world fail. Journal of Personality Assessment, 89(2), 126–135. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223890701468477
Lipkus, I. M., Dalbert, C., & Siegler, I. C. (1996). The importance of distinguishing the belief in a just world for self versus for others: Implications for psychological well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22(7), 666–677. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167296227002
Mangundjaya, W. (2013). Steering the cultural dynamics (Y. Kashima, E. S. Kashima, & R. Beatson (eds.)). IACCP commitee.
Masyhuri, M., Subandi, S., Azhar, M., & Suud, F. M. (2020). The concept of happiness for Islamic Community of melayu kampar Riau Indonesia. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(12), 833–838. https://doi.org/10.31838/jcr.07.12.147
Oppenheimer, L. (2006). The belief in a just world and subjective perceptions of society: A developmental perspective. Journal of Adolescence, 29(4), 655–669. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2005.08.014
Pavot, W. &, & Diener, E. (2008). The satisfaction with life scale and the emerging construct of life satisfaction. Journal of Positive Psychology, 3(2), 137–152. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760701756946
Pavot, William, & Diener, E. (1993). Review of the satisfaction with life scale psychological assessment. Psychological Assessment, 5(2), 164–172. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-90-481-2354-4
Proctor, C., Linley, P. A., & Maltby, J. (2009). Youth life satisfaction measures: A review. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4(2), 128–144. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760802650816
Schwarz, B., Mayer, B., Trommsdorff, G., Ben-Arieh, A., Friedlmeier, M., Lubiewska, K., Mishra, R., & Peltzer, K. (2012). Does the importance of parent and peer relationships for adolescents’ life satisfaction vary across cultures? Journal of Early Adolescence, 32(1), 55–80. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431611419508
Sun, P., Liu, B., Jiang, H., & Qian, F. (2016). Filial piety and life satisfaction among chinese students: Relationship harmony as mediator. Social Behavior and Personality, 44(11), 1927–1936. https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.11.1927
Thomas, K. J., & Mucherah, W. M. (2016). How fair is my world? Development of just world beliefs among Kenyan students. Journal of Adolescence, 49, 244–253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.03.011
Wenzel, K., Schindler, S., & Reinhard, M. A. (2017). General belief in a just world is positively associated with dishonest behavior. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(OCT), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01770
Zhang, J., Zhao, S., Lester, D., & Zhou, C. (2014). Life satisfaction and its correlates among college students in China: A test of social reference theory. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 10, 17–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2013.06.014
Zhang, Z., & Zhang, J. (2015). Belief in a just world mediates the relationship between institutional trust and life satisfaction among the elderly in China. Personality and Individual Differences, 83, 164–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.04.015
Article MetricsAbstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.