Comparison of Career Expectation between Nursing Freshman and Interns
The growing shortage of nurses is a global issue nowadays. The expectation of student nurses towards their future career as a practical nurse should be carefully considered, especially in the millennial generation. This study aimed to compare and analyze the differences in career expectations between nursing first-year students and interns. This cross-sectional study involved 110 and 66 nursing freshmen and interns, respectively (n=176) in two private nursing colleges in the middle part of Indonesia, both institutions were “B” accredited. Career expectations questionnaire was used in data collection. Descriptive statistics and the Mann-Whitney U test were used for analyzing the data (α<.05). Results showed that nursing interns had higher career expectations than the freshmen (Mean: 77.24 vs. 71.84); interns had high expectations, while first-year students had enough expectations. There was a significant difference found between groups (p=.003), which influenced by promotion (p=.001), leisure time (p=.015), work-life balance (p=.030), business opportunity (p=.028), organization membership (p=.004), and public recognition (p=.038). Career expectation differs significantly between nursing first-year students and interns.
Keywords: career, career expectation, nursing, student nurse
Asante, E. A., & Affum-Osei, E. (2019). Entrepreneurship as a career choice: the impact of locus of control on aspiring entrepreneurs' opportunity recognition. Journal of Business Research, 98, 227-235.
Bennett, J. F., Davidson, M. J., & Galeand, A. W. (1999). Women in construction: a comparative investigation into the expectations and experiences of female and male construction undergraduates and employees. Women in Management Review, 14(7), 273-291.
Ciarniene, R., Kumpikaite, V., & Vienazindiene, M. (2010). Expectations and Job Satisfaction: Theoretical and Empirical Approach. Retrieved from:
Creed, P., Hood, M., & Wong, O. (2009). Career decision-making, career barriers and occupational aspirations in Chinese adolescents. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 9(3), 189–203.
De Hauw, S., & De Vos, A. (2010). Millennials’ career perspective and psychological contract expectations: does the recession lead to lowered expectations?. Journal of Business and Psychology, 25(2), 293–302.
Diomidous, M., Mpizopoulou, Z., Kalokairinou, A., Mprokalaki, I., Zikos, D., & Katostaras, T. (2012). Descriptive Study of Nursing Students‘ Motives to Choose Nursing as a Career. Retrieved from:
Garcia, P. R. J. M., Restubog, S. L. D., Bordia, P., Bordia, S., & Roxas, R. E. O. (2015). Career optimism: the roles of contextual support and career decision-making self-efficacy, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 88, 10-18.
Johanson, M. A. (2007). Sex differences in career expectations of physical therapist students. Phys Ther., 87, 1199–1211.
Kim, M. (2014). Family background, students’ academic self-efficacy, and students’ career and life success expectations. Int J Adv Counselling, 36, 395–407.
Kong, H., Wang, S., & Fu, X. (2015). Meeting career expectation: can it enhance job satisfaction of Generation Y? International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 147-168.
Kunnen, E. S. (2013). The Effects of Career Choic e Guidance on Identity Development. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/901718
Lockridge, E. J. K. (2000). Career aspirations and expectations of selected Texas high school students as they relate to demographic characteristics and occupational projections. Dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 9980180.
Lounsbury, J. W., Moffitt, L., Gibson L. W., Drost, A. W., & Stevens, M. (2007). An investigation of personality traits in relation to job and career satisfaction of information technology professionals. Journal of Information Technology, 22, 174–183.
Maxwell, G. A., Ogden, S. M., & Broadbridge, A. (2010). Generation Y's career expectations and aspirations: engagement in the hospitality industry. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 17(1), 53-61.
Muldoon, O. T., & Reilly, J. (2003). Career choice in nursing students: gendered constructs as psychological barriers. JAN, 43(1), 93-100.
n-gen Generational Index Report. (2009). Career Expectations. Retrieved from:
Pemberton, C. (1997). Career Expectations Questionnaire. Retrieved from:
Perez-Lopez, M. C., Gonzalez-Lopez, M. J., & Rodriguez-Ariza, L. (2019). Applying the social cognitive model of career self-management to the entrepreneurial career decision: the role of exploratory and coping adaptive behaviours. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 112, 255-269.
Price, S. L. (2011). The Experience of Choosing Nursing as a Career: Narratives from Millenial Nurses. Retrieved from:
Sandhu, G. (2014). The infuence of family and cultural values on the career development of Asian Americans. Dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 10034392.
Schweitzer, L., Ng, E., Lyons, S., & Kuron, L. (2011). Exploring the career pipeline: gender differences in pre-career expectations. Relations Industrielles, 66(3), 422-444.
Sledge, J. C. (2016). Motivation and retention of generation Y employees in the workplace. Dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 10297504.
Stokes, Y. (2019). Technology tool use and work/life balance among millennial workers: a correlational study. Dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 13426340.
Williams, M. D. C. (2015). African American men in organizations: a critical interpretation of work-life balance through role determination and organizational support. Dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 10008710.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2006). Working Together for Health: The World Health Report 2006. Geneva: WHO.
Article MetricsAbstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.