Rumination in children from broken home: Can self-compassion and emotional intelligence reduce rumination?
Although research on rumination and self-compassion has been done before, none of them examined rumination, self-compassion, and emotional intelligence simultaneously. This study aims to determine the role of self-compassion and emotional intelligence on rumination. The study participants were 200 adolescents aged 10-21 years and whose parents are divorced. Researchers used rumination, self-compassion and emotional intelligence measuring instrument and distributed the instrument through google form in the data collection process. Multiple regression analysis results indicate that self-compassion and emotional intelligence have a significant role in reducing rumination. Researchers found that adolescents mostly used mindfulness (M=18.00; SD=3.544), reflection (M=25.59; SD=5.364), and aspects of self-motivation (M=17.86; SD=2.313) to regulate emotions, and feel the benefits of components in everyday life.
Abdollahi, A., & Talib, M. A. (2015). Emotional intelligence as a mediator between rumination and suicidal ideation among depressed inpatients: The moderating role of suicidal history. Psychiatry research, 228(3), 591–597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2015.05.046.
Besharat, R., Azemat, E. S., & Mohammadian, A. (2018). A comparative of rumination, healthy locus of control, and emotion regulation in children of divorce and normal children. Practice in Clinical Psycholog, 6(4), 207-214. https://doi.org/10.32598/jpcp.6.4.207.
Bluth, K., Campo, R. A., Futch, W. S., & Gaylord, S. A. (2016). Age and gender differences in the associations of self- compassion and emotional well-being in a large adolescent sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(4), 840–853. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0567-2.
Evans, D., & Segerstrom, S. (2011). Why do mindful people worry less? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35, 505– 510. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-010-9340-0.
Goleman, D. (2015). Emotional Intelligence: Mengapa EQ lebih penting daripada IQ. Cetakan-14. Ahli Bahasa: Hermaya. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Graham, L. (2014). How self-compassion beats ruminations. Retrived From https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/how_self_compassion_beats_rumination tanggal 20 September 2020.
Grierson, A. B., Hickie, I. B., Naismith, S. L., & Scott, J. (2016). The role of rumination in illness trajectories in youth: Linking trans-diagnostic processes with clinical staging models. Psychological Medicine, 46(12), 2467–2484. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291716001392.
Gustavsen, G. W., Nayga, R. M., & Wu, X. (2016). Effects of parental divorce on teenage children’s risk behaviors: Incidence and persistence. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 37(3), 474-487. https://doi.org/10.007/s10834-015-9460-5.
Hadianti, S. W., Nurwati, N., & Darwis, R. S. (2017). Resiliensi remaja berprestasi dengan latar belakang orang tua bercerai. Prosiding Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4(2), 223–229. https://doi.org/10.24198/jppm.v4i2.14278.
Iqbal, M. (2018). Psikologi pernikahan. Jakarta: Gema Insani.
Johnson, E. A., & O’Brien, K. A. (2013). Self-compassion soothes the savage ego-threat system: Effects on negative affect, shame, rumination, and depressive symptoms. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 32(9), 939–963. https://doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2013.32.9.939.
Kircaburun, K., Griffiths, M.D., & Billieux, J. (2019). Trait emotional intelligence and problematic online behaviors among adolescents: The mediating role of mindfulness, rumination, and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 89 (2019), 2080213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.11.024
Krieger, T., Altenstein, D., Baetigg, I., Doerig, N., & Holtfort, M.G. (2013). Self-compassion in depression: associations with depressive symptoms, rumination, and avoidance in depressed outpatients. Behav Ther, 44(3), 501-2013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2013.04.004.
Lanciano,T., Curci, A., & Zatton, E. (2010). Individual differences on mental rumination : The role of emotional intelligence. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 2, 65-84.
Liu, M., & Ren, S. (2016). Moderating effect of emotional intelligence on the relationship between rumination and anxiety. Current Psychology, 37 (1), 272-279. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-016-9510-7.
Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia. (2020). Data perkara peradilan agama tingkat pertama. Retrived From https://badilag.mahkamahagung.go.id/perkara-diterima-dan-diputus-pada-tingkat-pertama/data-perkara/perkara-diterima-dan-diputus-pada-tingkat-pertama. tanggal 25 Januari 2020.
Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., Caruso, D. R., & Cherkasskiy, L. (2012). What is emotional intelligence and why does it matter? Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence. https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511977244.027.
Miranda, R., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2007). Brooding and reflection: Rumination predicts suicidal ideation a one-year follow up in a community sample. Behavior Research and Therapy, 45(12), 3088–3095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2007.07.015.
Moreira, H., Gouveia, M. J., & Canavarro, M. C. (2018). Is mindful parenting associated with adolescents’ well-being in early and middle/late adolescence? The mediating role of attachment representations, self-compassion and mindfulness. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0808-7
Moreira, H., Gouveia, M. J., Carona, C., Silva, N., & Canavarro, M. C. (2014). Maternal attachment and children’s quality of life: The mediating role of self-compassion and parenting stress. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(8), 2332- 2344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0036-z.
Mundey, K.A.R. (2018). Posttraumatic growth following cancer: the influence of emotional intelligence, management of intrusive rumination, and goal disengagement as mediated by deliberate rumination (Unpublished Master’s Dissertation). Ball State University Muncie, Indiana.
Neff, K. D. (2015). Self-Compassion the proven of being kind to yourself. Harper Collins Publisher.
Neff, K. D. & Germer, C. (2017). Self-compassion and psychological wellbeing. Oxford Handbook of Compassion Science. Chapter 27. Oxford University Press.
Nikolaev, G. (2017). How to stop negative thoughts with mindfulness. Retrieved From https://mindfulspot.com/how-to-stop-negative-thoughts-with-mindfulness. tanggal 30 November 2020.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Wisco, B. E., & Lyubomirsky, S. (2008). Rethinking rumination. Perspective on Psychological Science, 3(5), 400-424. https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1745-6924.2008.00088.x.
Odou, N. & Brinker, J. (2014). Self-compassion, a better alternative to rumination than distraction as a response to negative mood. Journal of Positive Psychology, Vol. 10, No. 5, 447–457. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2014.967800.
Proeve, M., Anton, R., & Kenny, M. (2018). Effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on shame, self-compassion and psychological distress in anxious and depressed patients: A pilot study. The British Psychological Society, 91, 434–449. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12170.
Ralston, E. (2016). The influence of an application-based mindfulness intervention on self-reported rumination, stress, emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in undergraduate students. (Dissertation). Manchester Metropolitan University. https://e-space.mmu.ac.uk/id/eprint/617889.
Samaie, Gh., & Farahani, H.A. (2011). Social and Self-compassion as a moderator of the relationship between rumination, self-reflection and stress. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30 (2011), 978-982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.190.
Sancho, E.G., Salguero, J.M., & Berrocal, P.F. (2016). Angry rumination as a mediator of the relationship between ability emotional intelligence and various types of aggression. Personality and Individual Differences, 89, 143-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.007.
Sansone, R. A., & Sansone, L. A. (2012). Rumination: Relationship with physical health. Innovation in Clinical Neuroscience, 9(2), 29-34.
Shaleha, R. R. A., Yusainy, C. A., Herani, I. (2018). The mind anchor : Peran trait rumination dalam struktur pengalaman afektif. Mediapsi, 4(1), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.mps.2018.004.01.5.
Smeets, E., Neff, K., Alberts, H., & Peters, M. (2014). Meeting suffering with kindness: Effects of a brief self- compassion intervention for female college students. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(9), 794–807. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22076.
Steinberg. (2017). Adolescence. New York: McGraw Hill.
Svendsen, J. L., Kvernenes, K. V., Wiker, A. S., & Dundas, I. (2016). Mechanisms of mindfulness: Rumination and self-compassion. Nordic Psychology, 69(2), 71–82. https://doi.org/10.1080/19012276.2016.1171730.
Tatakovsky, M. (2018, Juli). Why ruminating is unhealthy and how to stop. Retrived from https://psychcentral.com/blog/why-ruminating-is-unhealthy-and-how-to-stop. tanggal 14 September 2019
Tebeka, S., Hoertel, N., Dubertret, C., & Strat Y.L. (2016). Parental divorce and death during childhood and adolescence and its association with mental health. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(9), 678-685. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000549.
Treynor, W., Gonzales, R., Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2003). Rumination reconsidered: a psychometric analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27(3), 247-259. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023910315561.
Wu, Q., Chi, P., Zeng, X., Lin, X., & Du, H. (2019). Roles of anger and rumination in the relationship between self-compassion and forgiveness. Mindfulness, 10(2), 272-278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0971-7.
Yu, M. (2017). The effects of mindfulness on self-rumination, self-reflection, and depressive symptoms: A research proposal. Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal, 3(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.29173/bsuj399.
Article MetricsAbstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times
Copyright (c) 2021 Amalia Juniarly, Sayang Ajeng Mardhiyah, Nissah Ghina Fitri
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Jurnal Psikologi Terapan dan Pendidikan
Kampus 2 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jalan Pramuka No. 42, Pandeyan, Umbulharjo, Yogyakarta - 55161
Telp. (0274) 563515, ext. 4902; Fax. (0274) 564604
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.