Pengaruh penambahan sukrosa terhadap mutu sabun transparan dari ekstrak etanol herba pegagan (Centella asiatica L.)

Heru Sasongko, Andarini Siwi Mumpuni

Abstract


Centella asiatica is a kind of herbs which contains antioxidant that be trusted to overcome of various skin problems such as keloids, cellulite, and black stains. One of the additional ingredients used to make the transparent soap is sucrose or frequently called white sugar. In the process of making the transparent soap, white sugar is served to help the transparency of soap. The purpose of this research is to find out the effect of increasing the sucrose toward the degree of the transparency of the soap, stability of physical properties before and after storage for eight weeks and find out the skin response towards the soap by doing irritability test towards some respondents. Pegagan extract transparent soap is varied with the concentration of sucrose 11 %, 13%, and 15 %. The soap which is produced is conducted with a series of tests of physical characteristics include transparency, pH, water content, and the stability of the foam. The results showed that the addition of sucrose affects the level of transparency and soapy water levels and no effect on pH and foam stability. Irritation test of the respondents showed most respondents did not become irritated. The stability of the physical characteristic of the form of the soap is good because during eight weeks of the usage there are no significant

Keywords


Centella asiatica, transparent soap, sucrose, stability

Full Text:

PDF

References


BSN, 1994. Standar mutu sabun mandi. Dewan standarisasi nasional, jakarta.

Bylka, w., znajdek-awiżeń, p., studzińska-sroka, e., dańczak-pazdrowska, a., brzezińska, m., 2014. Centella asiatica in dermatology: an overview. Phytother. Res. 28, 1117–1124.

Hernani, h., bunasor, t.k., fitriati, f., 2010. Formula sabun transparan antijamur dengan bahan aktif ekstrak lengkuas (alpinia galanga l.swartz.). Bul. Penelit. Tanam. Rempah dan obat 21.

Kailaku, s.i., 2011. .:pusat perpustakaan dan penyebaran teknologi pertanian. Teknol. Pengolah. Sabun transparan skala rumah tangga. Url http://pustaka.litbang.pertanian.go.id/publikasi-summary.php?contentid=wr335117 (accessed 2.2.17).

Lubis, l.s., 2003. Sabun obat.

Martin, a.. J., swarbrick, cammarata, a., 1993. Buku farmasi fisik edisi ke-tiga. Jilid 2. Terjemahan. Ui press, jakarta, terjemahan. Ui press, jakarta.

Mitsui, t. (ed.), 1997. 5 - raw materials of cosmetics, in: new cosmetic science. Elsevier, amsterdam, pp. 121–147.

Orton, d.i., wilkinson, j.d., 2004. Cosmetic allergy. Am. J. Clin. Dermatol. 5, 327–337.

Pramono, s., ajiastuti, d., 2005. Standardization of pegagan extract (centella asiatica (l.) Urban) based on siaticoside content using tlcdensitometricmethod. Indones. J. Pharm. 0, 118–123.

Priani, s.e., lukmayani, y., 2010. Pembuatan sabun transparan berbahan dasar minyak jelantah serta hasil uji iritasinya pada kelinci. Pros. Snapp sains dan teknol. 1, 36–53.

Spitz, l., 2016. Soap manufacturing technology. Elsevier.

Warshaw, e.m., buchholz, h.j., belsito, d.v., maibach, h.i., fowler jr., j.f., rietschel, r.l., zug, k.a., mathias, c.g.t., pratt, m.d., sasseville, d., storrs, f.j., taylor, j.s., deleo, v.a., marks jr., j.g., 2009. Allergic patch test reactions associated with cosmetics: retrospective analysis of cross-sectional data from the north american contact dermatitis group, 2001-2004. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 60, 23–38.

Zulkifli, m., estiasih, t., 2014. Sabun dari distilat asam lemak minyak sawit : kajian pustaka [in press oktober 2014]. J. Pangan dan agroindustri 2, 170–177.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/pharmaciana.v7i1.5795

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Pharmaciana

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Pharmaciana indexed by:

Google ScholarDirectory of Open Access JournalIndonesian Scientific Journal Database (ISJD)Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)CrossrefBielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE)Sherpa RomeoOpen Academic Journal Index (OAJI)

 

 

 

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------