Pencahayaan, Jarak Monitor, dan Paparan Monitor sebagai Faktor Keluhan Subjektif Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

S Zulaiha, Irwandi Rachman, Rara Marisdayana

Abstract


Background: Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) is a group of ocular problems (eyes and eyesight) complained by someone working on the computer for a long time. CVS be able to have an impact in daily activities, decreased work productivity, increased errors in work, and decreased job satisfaction. The aim of this study was to identify the factors related of CVS subjective complaints at PT Telkom Akses Jambi 2017. Method: This research was an analytic observational with cross-sectional design, the number of samples in this study using total sampling with inclusion criteria were all computer user workers amount of 41 workers. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate with fisher exact test. Results: The results of this study showed from 41 workers, there were 32 (78%) workers who have CVS complaints. The result of bivariate analysis by using fisher exact test showed there were significant between lighting intensity (p= 0.020), monitor distance (p= 0.006) and monitor exposure (p= 0.000) with CVS subjective complaints and there were no significant between sex, age, years of work, length of working using computer, duration of eye rest a monitor posisition with CVS subjective complaints in computer workers in PT Telkom Akses Jambi. Conclusion: There is a significant between the intensity of lighting, the distance of the monitor, and the length of exposure of the monitor with subjective complaints CVS in PT Telkom Akses Jambi. We suggest that the supervision of visual ergonomic computer be necessary in order to reduce the incidence of CVS in workers on a conditional basis, we also advise workers to take appropriate rest periods and stretches such as eye exercises when working.

Keywords


computer vision syndrome; lighting intensity; monitor distance monitor exposure

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hanum I. Efektivitas penggunaan screen pada monitor komputer untuk mengurangi kelelahan mata pekerja call centre di PT Indosat NSR tahun 2008. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara;2008

Affandi ES. Sindrom penglihatan komputer. Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia. 2005;55(3): 297-300.

Bali J NN, Thakur BR Computer vision syndrome: a study of the knowledge, attitudes and practices in Indian ophthalmologists. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007;55:289-293.

Santoso Gempur. Manajemen Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja. Surabaya: Prestasi Pustaka;2004

Suma'mur. Higiene Perusahaan Dan Kesehatan Kerja. Jakarta: Sagung Seto; 2009

AOA. Computer vision syndrome 2011. Available from: http://www.aoa.org/x5374.xml.

Chiemeke SC, Akhahowa AE, Ajayi OB. Evaluation of vision-related problems amongst computer users: a case study of University of Benin, Nigeria. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering;Jul 2 – 4;London;2007

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor. 48 tahun 2016. Tentang Standar Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Perkantoran.

Dahlan MS. Statistik Untuk Kedokteran dan Kesehatan. Jakarta: Salemba Medika; 2008

Agarwal A. Central vein stenosis. Am J Kidney Dis. 2013;61:1001-1015

Cabrera SRG, Lim-Bon-Siong R. A survey of eye-related complaints among call-center agents in Metro Manila. Philipp J Ophthalmol. 2010;35(2): 65-69.

Talwar R, Kapoor R, Puri K, Bansal K, Singh S. A study of visual and musculoskeletal health disorders among computer professionals in NCR Delhi. Indian J Community Med. 2009; 34(4): 326–328.

Das B, Ghosh T. Assessment of ergonomical and occupational health related problems among VDT workers of West Bengal, India. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2010; 1: 26-31.

Ankrum DR. Visual Ergonomics in the Office – Guidelines, Occupational Health and Safety. 1999;,68,7,pp.64-74.

Bhanderi DJ, Choudhary S, & Doshi VG. A Community-Based Study Of Asthenopia In Computer Users. Indian Journal Ophthalmol. 56(1):51-55.

Yan Z, Hu L, Chen H, Lu F. Computer Vision Syndrome: a widely spreading but largely unknow epidemic among computer users. Computers in human behavior. 2008;Jul 2–4

Kuswana, Sunaryo W. Ergonomi dan K3. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya; 2014.

Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 1405/MENKES/SK/XI/2002. Tentang Standar Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja Perkantoran.

Blehm C, Vishnu S, Khattak A, Mitra S, Yee RW. Computer Vision Syndrome: A Review’. Survey of Opthalmology. 2005;253-262.

Logaraj M. Practice of Ergonomic Principles and Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) Among Undergraduates Student in Chennai. National Journal Of Medical Research. 2013;111-116

Ye Z, Abe Y, Kusano Y, Takamura N, Eida K, Takemoto T, Aoyagi K. The influence of visual display terminal use on the physical and mental conditions of administrative staff in Japan. J Physiol Anthropol. 2007;26:69-73.

Suma'mur. Ergonomi untuk Produktivitas Kerja. Jakarta: CV. Haji Masagun; 1996.

Pandey S, Swamy B. Computer Vision Syndrome, Dry Eye and Ocular Surface Disorders. Jaypee Brothers Medical Pub. 2006;303-311.

Ankrum DR. Eyestrain and Computer Monitor Viewing Distance. Nova Solution, Inc. 1996.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/kes+mas.v12i1.7529

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Kes Mas : Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

________________________________________
Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

ISSN :  1978-0575

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View KesMas Stats