Hubungan Lama Penggunaan Komputer dan Intensitas Pencahayaan dengan Keluhan Kelelahan Mata pada Pekerja di Hotel KC

Bianca Arcasiatectura Antartika, Afif Amir Amrullah, Arga Buntara, Putri Permatasari

Abstract



1) Background: Interactions between workers and computers create a variety of risks, one of which is complaints of eye fatigue. Lighting intensity is considered a risk factor that can cause complaints of eye fatigue as well. The preliminary study suggests that several workers experienced discomfort in the eye area, neck and back pain, and mild eye irritation. The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship between the duration of computer use and lighting intensity with complaints of eye fatigue. 2) Method: This research is analytical quantitative with a cross-sectional design. In this study, the researcher used a total sampling technique. A total of 43 operators were recruited as samples. The instruments used were questionnaires and a lux meter. A chi-square test was used to analyze the data at 95% confidence level. 3) Result and Conclusion: The results show that the duration of computer use variable was significantly assotciated with complaints of eye fatigue (p 0.004 < α), while lighting intensity variable was not associated with complaints of eye fatigue (p 0.275 > α). 4) Suggestion: Managing the duration of computer use by resting according to the 20-20-20 rule is recommended. The hotel should add, replace, or suistain all existing lights and provide information and education to all operators as well.


Keywords


Duration of Computer Use; Complaints of Eye Fatigue; Light Intensity; Computer Operators

Full Text:

PDF

References


Rahmayanti D, Artha A. Analisis Bahaya Fisik: Hubungan Tingkat Pencahayaan dan Keluhan Mata Pekerja pada Area Perkantoran Health, Safety, and Environmental (HSE) PT. Pertamina RU VI Balongan. J Optimasi Sist Ind. 2016;14(1):71.

Suma’mur. Higiene Perusahaan dan Kesehatan Kerja (HIPERKES). Jakarta: Sagung Seto; 2013.

Al Tawil L, Aldokhayel S, Zeitouni L, Qadoumi T, Hussein S, Ahamed SS. Prevalence of self-reported computer vision syndrome symptoms and its associated factors among university students. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2018;

Berliana N, Rahmayanti F. Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Keluhan Kelelahan Mata pada Pekerja Pengguna Komputer di Bank X Kota Bangko. J Kesehat Terpadu. 2017;1(2):68–72.

Saputro WE. Hubungan Intensitas Pencahayaan, Jarak Pandang Mata ke Layar dan Durasi Penggunaan Komputer dengan Keluhan Computer Vision Syndrome. J Kesehat Masy. 2013;2(1):1–9.

Dessie A, Adane F, Nega A, Wami SD, Chercos DH. Computer vision syndrome and associated factors among computer users in Debre Tabor town, Northwest Ethiopia. J Environ Public Health. 2018;2018.

Supriati F. Faktor-faktor yang Berkaitan dengan Kelelahan Mata pada Karyawan Bagian Administrasi di PT. Indonesia Power UBP Semarang. J Kesehat Masy. 2012;1(2):1–11.

Prayoga HA. Intensitas Pencahayaan dan Kelainan Refraksi Mata terhadap Kelelahan Mata. J Kesehat Masy. 2014;9(16):131–6.

Wiyanti N, Martiana T. Hubungan Intensitas Penerangan Dengan Kelelahan Mata Pada Pengrajin Batik Tulis. Indones J Occup Saf Heal. 2017;4(2):144.

Putri DW, Mulyono. Hubungan Jarak Monitor, Durasi Penggunaan Kommputer, Tampilan Layar Monitor, dan Pencahayaan dengan Keluhan Kelelahan Mata. Indones J Occup Saf Heal. 2018;7(1):1–10.

Gowrisankaran S, Sheedy JE. Computer Vision Syndrome: A Review. Work. 2015;52(2):303–14.

Abdul Rahim Sya’ban IMRR. Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Gejala Kelelahan Mata (Asstenopia) Pada Karyawan Pengguna Komputer Pt.Grapari Telkomsel Kota Kendari. Proseding Semin Bisnis Teknol. 2014;15–6.

Portello JK, Rosenfield M, Bababekova Y, Estrada JM, Leon A. Computer-related Visual Symptoms in Office Workers. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2012;32(5):375–82.

Rosenfield M. Computer vision syndrome: A review of ocular causes and potential treatments. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2011;31(5):502–15.

AOA. Dry Eye. 2016.

Purwanti I, Purwanto, Wahyuni D. Analisa Pengaruh Pencahayaan Terhadap Kelelahan Mata Operator Di Ruang Kontrol PT. XYZ. J Tek Ind USU. 2013;3(4):43–8.

Dewi, Sitorus, Hasyim. Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kelelahan Mata pada Operator Komputer di Kantor Samsat Palembang. J Ilmu Kesehat Masy. 2010;1(1):38–42.

Grandjean E, Kroemer KHE. Fitting The Task to The Human: A Textbook of Occupational Ergonomic. 5th ed. Philadelphia: USA Taylor & Francis Inc.; 2009.

Infodatin Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia 2014, Situasi Gangguan Penglihatan dan Kebutaan. hlm 2–12.

Infodatin Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia 2015, Situasi Kesehatan Kerja. hlm. 3.

Riset Dasar Kesehatan. 2013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/kesmas.v13i2.13864

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 966 times
PDF - 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat 
ISSN 2620-2999 (online) | 1978-0575 (print)
Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Kampus III UAD
Jln. Prof. Soepomo, Janturan
Yogyakarta 55164, Indonesia
Email: kesmas@journal.uad.ac.id

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

View KesMas Stats