Analisis pemahaman konseptual mahasiswa pada materi kinematika partikel melalui tes diagnostik

Ino Angga Putra, Eko Sujarwanto, Novia Ayu Sekar Pertiwi

Abstract


Perkembangan pembelajaran pada saat ini terfokus pada pembelajaran student center. Peserta didik diberikan kesempatan untuk membangun pemahamannya terhadap konsep pelajaran yang diperoleh dari pendidik (sebagai fasilitator). Upaya mengatasi kesulitan dalam membangun pemahaman, mencapai ketuntasan dan mengurangi miskonsepsi peserta didik maka digunakan evaluasi pembelajaran melalui Tes Diagnostik. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu a) mengetahui pemahaman konseptual mahasiswa dalam mengkaji konsep-konsep dasar kinematika partikel, dan b) mengetahui kesulitan pemahaman konseptual mahasiswa pada konsep dasar kinematika partikel. Jenis penelitian ini adalah Penelitian ini menggunakan model penelitian deskriptif eksploratif. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan instrumen penilaian diagnostik ­Two-Tier. Peningkatan tersebut ditunjukkan melalui hasil rata-rata skor gain yang ternormalisasi sebesar 0,02. Hasil analisis data pemahaman konsep mahasiswa menggunakan instrumen tes diagnostik menunjukkan bahwa pemahaman konsep mahasiswa meningkat sebesar 2%. Hasil analisis data penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa mengalami miskonsepsi pada konsep kinematika partikel. Hal ini dikarenakan mahasiswa masih lemah dalam menganalisis suatu permasalahan melalui bentuk representasi.

 

The development of learning at this time focused on student center learning. Learners are given the opportunity to build their understanding of the lesson concept learned from the educator (as the facilitator). Efforts to overcome difficulties in building understanding, achieve mastery and reduce the misconceptions of learners then used the evaluation of learning through the Diagnostic Test. The purposes of this research are: a) to know the conceptual understanding of students in studying basic concepts of particle kinematics, and b) to know the difficulties of conceptual understanding of students on the basic concept of particle kinematics. The type of this research is research use descriptive explorative research model. The data collection instrument uses a diagnostic evaluation instrument Two-Tier. The increase was shown through the average result of a normalized gain score of 0.02. The result of data analysis of student conceptual understanding using diagnostic test instrument showed that students concept comprehension increased by 2%. The results of data analysis showed that students have misconceptions on the concept of kinematics particles. This is because students are still weak in analyzing a problem through the form of representation.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/jrkpf.v5i1.8923

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