Identifikasi penggunaan EDP (Engineering Design Process) dalam berpikir engineer siswa SMA melalui Lembar Kerja Siswa (LKS)

Moch. Bachrul Ulum, Pramudya Dwi Aristya Putra, Lailatul Nuraini

Abstract


Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimanakah peran EDP dalam proses berpikir engineer siswa melalui LKS sebagai bahan ajar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode studi kasus tunggal. Data dikumpulkan dengan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Uji kredibilitas menggunakan triangulasi teknik dan member check. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan profil berpikir engineer masing-masing siswa berbeda-beda. Data yang diperoleh menunjukkan siswa dapat memberikan pemecahan masalah hingga memberikan desain solusi pada sintaks EDP. Siswa memberikan pemecahan masalah terjadi dalam sintaks EDP pada ruang lingkup masalah yaitu tahap define, dan learn. Sedangkan pada tahap plan, try, test, dan decide siswa dapat menghasilkan ide yang digunakan sebagai solusi pemecahan masalah berupa desain rekayasa dengan memberikan penjelasan yang jelas bagaimana solusi tersebut dapat bekerja optimal untuk digunakan.

Kata kunci: LKS, EDP, berpikir engineer

 

Abstract. This study aims to determine how the role of EDP in the thinking process student’s engineers through student worksheets as teaching materials. This type of research is qualitative using a single case study method. Data were collected by observation, interviews, and documentation. Test using triangulation technique and member check. The results of this study show that each student’s engineering thinking profile is different. The data obtained shows that students can solve problems to provide design solutions to the EDP syntax. Students provide solutions to problems that occur in the EDP syntax in the scope of the problem, namely the definition and learn stages. While at the stage of the plan, try, test, and decide students can generate ideas that are used as problem-solving solutions in the form of engineering designs by providing a clear explanation of how the solution can work optimally for use.

Keywords: LKS, EDP, think engineer

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Prastowo, Panduan Kreatif Membuat Bahan Ajar Inovatif, Yogyakarta: Diva Press, 2016.

S. H. Santoso and M. Mosik, Kefektifan LKS Berbasis STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematic) untuk Melatih Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa pada Pembelajaran Fisika SMA, UPEJ Unnes Physics Education Journal, vol. 8, no. 3, 2019.

J. Afriana, A. Permanasari and A. Fitriani, Penerapan Project Based Learning Terintegrasi STEM untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains Siswa Ditinjau dari Gender, Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 202-212, 2016.

M. Mustika, E. Septaningrum and S. Susilawati, Pengaruh Penggunaan LKS dengan Pendekatan Saintifik pada Materi Objek IPA dan Pengamatannya terhadap Hasil Belajar IPA Kelas VII MTs Negeri 1 Semarang, Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Fisika, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 63-71, 2016.

D. A. B. Lestari, B. Astuti and T. Darsono, Implementasi LKS dengan Pendekatan STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics) untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa, Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika dan Teknologi, vol. 4, no. 2, 2018.

J. Krajcik and I. Delen, Engaging learners in STEM education Engaging learners in STEM education, Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakiri, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 35-58, 2017.

T. F. Schubert Jr., F. G. Jacobitz and E. M. Kim, Student perceptions and learning of the engineering design process: an assessment at the freshmen level, Research in Engineering Design, vol. 23, pp. 177-190, 2012.

J. Mangold and S. Robinson, The engineering design process as a problem solving and learning tool in K12 classrooms, ASEE Annual Conference & Exposition, Atlanta, Georgia, 2013.

B. V. Meeteren and B. Zan, Revealing the Work of Young Engineers in Early Childhood Education, SEED: Collected Papers from the SEED (STEM in Early Education and Development) Conference, 2010.

M. Syukri, S. Soewarno, L. Halim and L. E. Mohtar, The Impact of Engineering Design Process in Teaching and Learning to Enhance Students’ Science Problem-Solving Skills, Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 66-75, 2018.

A. Widowati, S. Nurohman and P. Anjarsari, Developing Science Learning Material with Authentic Inquiry Learning Approach to Improve Problem Solving and Scientific Attitude, Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 32-40, 2017.

L. Berland, R. R. Steingut and P. Ko, High School Student Perceptions of the Utility of the Engineering Design Process: Creating Opportunities to Engage in Engineering Practices and Apply Math and Science Content, Journal of Science Education and Technology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 705-720, 2014.

M. Mifa, Kemampuan Siswa Dalam Merancang Pemecahan Masalah Pencemaran Lingkungan Melalui Engineering Design Process (EDP). Skripsi. Bandung: Fakultas Pendidikan Matematika Dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Bandung, 2017.

M. H. Hynes, Middle-school teachers’ understanding and teaching of the engineering design process: a look at subject matter and pedagogical content knowledge, vol. 22, pp. 345-360, 2012.

EngrTEAMS, EngrTEAMS: Engineering to Transform the Education of Analysis, Measurement, and Science in a Team-Based Targeted Mathematics-Science Partnership, University of Minnesota & Purdue University Research Foundation, 2017.

J. W. Cresswell, Educational Research 4th Edition: Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research, PEARSON, 2012.

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kuanititatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D, Bandung: Alfabeta, 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12928/jrkpf.v8i2.20753

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Moch. Bachrul Ulum, Pramudya Dwi Aristya Putra, Lailatul Nuraini


Jurnal Riset dan Kajian Pendidikan Fisika | Journal of Research and Physics Education Studies
Kampus 4 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jl. Kolektor Ring Road Selatan, Tamanan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Telp. (0274) 563515, ext. 43514; Fax. (0274) 564604, Hp. +62822 3634 7674
Email: jrkpf@pfis.uad.ac.id


e-ISSN: 2355-620X


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Jumlah Kunjungan

 Best viewed on Mozilla Firefox at screen resolution 1366 x 768 pixels.