Analysis of Factors Affecting Students’ Academic Performance

Birhan Getachew


The Academic performance of the student depends on a number of socio-economic factors, teacher, student and school related variables.  Hence, this study was conducted to identify and analyze the factors which affect the academic performance of students. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. In this paper, students’ results were taken from record office. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 software in order to analysis factors affecting students’ academic performance. Multiple regressions, chi-square test, correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. The result of the chi-square test, standard devotion and correlation analysis portrayed that teachers educational level, experience, subject matter knowledge, students interest towards education, attendance of education, parents educational level, parents income, distance of the school from the students home, the availability of materials, text book and language skill of students have an influence for the academic success of students .Besides, keeping other variables constant, 14.8 % and 62.7% variability of students’ academic performance was explained by teacher and school related variables whereas  the overall 74.2 % of variations of students’ results were explained by 19  variables applied for this study. The overall relationship was statistically significant (F19, 23=8.592, P<0.001). It is recommended that analysis and understanding of teachers, students, parents, school educational expert and related variables are very essential to improve the academic performance of students.


Students’ academic performance; variables; teachers; school; SPSS


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