The Effectiveness of Using Argumentative Graphic Organiser (AGO) As A Pre-Writing Strategy in Generating Ideas For Muet Argumentative Writing Among Matriculation Students

Mawarni Maad Yeop, Mahendran A/L Maniam


The purpose of this research was to examine the effectiveness of using argumentative graphic organiser at a pre-writing stage on matriculation students in order to generate better argumentative essays. 30 participants were randomly assigned to two groups during English class in Perak Matriculation College (KMPk). Both groups had the same teacher. The control group received conventional instruction while the experimental group were additionally required to plan their writing on argumentative graphic organiser (AGO) at the pre-writing stage and compose an essay based on their constructed AGO. All participants were required to sit for pre- and post-tests to track their writing performance before and after the experimental group took a tutorial on how to use and make use of AGO. After the implementation of the intervention, comparison of the students’ mean scores of the pre- and post-tests showed a statistically significant improvement in the experimental students’ ability to generate better argumentative essay in terms of point of view, unity and coherence, development, organization, and thinking. The results highlight the effectiveness of employing argumentative graphic organiser (AGO) as a focused instructional strategy at the pre-writing strategy in developing ESL students’ writing skill. Pedagogical implications for using argumentative graphic organiser (AGO) are considered


Argumentative graphic organiser (A.G.O), argumentative essays, idea generation, pre-writing strategy


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