The Contribution of the Education System Quality to Improve the Nation’s Competitiveness of Indonesia

Dwi Sulisworo


The quality of education and the competitiveness of college graduates in Indonesia is still far behind, both at the international level, even at the level of ASEAN. In the other side, the issue of demographic bonus in Indonesia become an important factor in the development of human resources. The Indonesian population increased continuously about 1.49% per year. The impact of the quality of education is the nation’s competitiveness. Before analyzing its aspects, the data about the nation’s competitiveness can be used as a reference. Although not entirely represent competitiveness, this data can function as an  indicator of progress. Good human resources will be the driving factor for a variety of activities a state and a nation can make, including the economy. In the development of competitiveness, a country is positioned in its change of factor-driven to innovation-driven. The important problems arousing in education are: the quality of school management, quality of research and training, the quality of the education system, and also the higher education participation rate is still low. These four main things that need to be improved in education before it can move to other sectors. The main problem on education in Indonesia is in the low focus on the development of mentality or character. While the analysis of competitiveness problems Indonesia is known that the root problem in competitiveness is the high level of corruption in the country. This is a problem of mentality.


competitiveness; education; human capital; national strategy; leadership

Full Text:



Adodo, S., & Agbayewa, J. (2011). Effect of homogenous and heterogeneous ability grouping class teaching on student’s interest, attitude and achievement in integrated science. International Journal of Psychology and Counselling Vol. 3, No. 3, 48-54.

Beutel, D. A. (2010). The nature of pedagogic teacher-student interactions: a phenomenographic study. Australian Educational Researcher, Vo. 37, No. 2, 77-91.

BPS. (2015) Dependency Ratio menurut Provinsi, 2010-2035 [Dependency Ratio by Province, 2010-2035]. Retrieved on 5 January 2015 from .

Cabinet Secretary of Indonesia. (2015) 122 Daerah Ini Ditetapkan Pemerintah Sebagai Daerah Tertinggal 2015 – 2019 [122 Districts are considered as underdeveloped area by Indonesian Government 2015-2019]. Retrieved on 7 January 2015 from .

Hashemi, A. S., Fallahi, V., Aojinejad, A., & Samav, S. A. (2012). The Role of the Hidden Curriculum on Social Education of High School. J. Life Sci. Biomed. Vol. 2, No. 5, 255-259.

Adglossary. (2015, July 13). Retrieved on 4 December 2015 from The Glossary of Education Reform:

Hongboontri, C., & Keawkhong, N. (2014). School Culture: Teachers' Beliefs, Behaviors, and Instructional Practices. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, Vol. 39, No. 5, 66-88.

Jang, S.-J. (2006). Research on the effects of team teaching upon two secondary school teachers. Educational Research, Vol. 48, No. 2, 177 – 194.

Kemristekdikti. (2015) Peraturan Menteri No 13 Year 2015 Tentang Rencana Strategis Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi Tahun 2015-2019 [Ministry Regulation on Strategic Planning of Research, Technology, and Higher Education Ministry 2015-2019]. Retrieved on 14 January 2015 from

KPDT (2014). 183 Kabupaten Tertinggal di Indonesia [183 underdeveloped districts in Indonesia]. Retrieved on 25 April 2015 from

Liberante, L. (2012). The importance of teacher–student relationships, as explored through the lens of the NSW Quality Teaching Model. Journal of Student Engagement: Education matters, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2–9.

Little, A., & Hoel, A. (2011). Interdisciplinary Team Teaching: An Effective Method to Transform Student Attitudes. The Journal of Effective Teaching, Vol. 11, No. 1, 36-44.

Macneil, A. J., Prater, D. L., & Busch, S. (2009). The Effects of School Culture and Climate on Student Achievement. Int. J. Leadership In Education, Vol. 12, No. 1, 73–84.

OECD (2015) Data: Indonesia. Retrieved on 10 January 2015 from

Schleicher, A. (2015). Education at a Glance 2015. Retrieved on 19 December, 2015, from OECD:

Schwab, K. (2014). The Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2014: Full Data Edition. Retrieved on 19 December 2015 from the World Economic Forum:

Schwab, K. (2015). The Global Competitiveness Report 2014–2015: Full Data Edition. Retrieved on 19 December 2015 from the World Economic Forum:

UNDP. (2015) Human Development Report 2015. Retrieved on 13 November 2015 from

UNESCO. (2012). Curriculum. Retrieved on 4 December 2015 from


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 897 times
PDF - 471 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn)
ISSN: 2089-9823, e-ISSN 2302-9277
Published by: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (UAD) in collaboration with Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES)

View EduLearn Stats