Teachers Expectancy and Students Attitude towards Science

Prihadi Kususanto, Chin Sook Fui, Lim Hooi Lan


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of teachers expectancy and students attitude towards science (ATS). The participants were 130 teachers and 300 students from secondary schools in Indonesia. The results indicated teachers expectancy significantly affected students ATS. Different kind of expectancy led teachers to have different classroom behavior. Teachers expect students from the science streams to have significantly higher potential to improve their academic achievements compared to the students from non-science stream. The results also showed that there is a significant correlation between teachers expectancy and students perception of teachers behavior. Furthermore, because students from science stream perceived that their teachers are supportive, they believe that the teachers expected them to score higher in science. In turn, this belief led them to possess higher ATS compared to the non-science stream students, which perceived that their teachers are focusing more on controlling their behavior. It could be concluded that teachers expectancy affected students ATS, moderated by the students perception of teachers behavior.


Full Text:



Adesoji, F. (2008). Managing Students' Attitude towards Science through Problem-Solving Instructional Strategy. Antrhopologist , 10 (1), 21-24.

Adnan Kamis, Chew, F. P. (1998). Peranan Sastera Kebangsaan di Dalam Pembentukan Integrasi Nasional di Dalam Kerangka Pendidikan. Kertas Kerja Seminar Pendidikan Kebangsaan. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, 26 27 November.

Ahmad Nurulazam Md Zain, Rohandi & Azman, J. (2010). Instructional Congruence to Improve Malaysian Students Attitudes and Interests towards Science in Low Performing Secondary Schools. European Journal of Social Sciences, 13(1), 89-100.

Al-Fadhli, H., & Singh, M. (2006). Teachers' Expectancy and Efficacy as Correlates of School Achievement in Delta, Mississipi. National Evaluation Institute Conference. Dallas: National Evaluation Insitute Conference.

Aronson, E., Wilson, T., & Akert, R. (2005). Social Psychology, Fifth Edition. New Jersey, NY: Pearson Education, Inc.

Cannon, R., & Simpson, R. (1985). Relationships among Attitude, Motivation, and Achievement of Ability Grouped, Seventh Grade, Life Science Students. Science Education, 69(2), 121-138.

Chew, F. P. (2006). Pendidikan Kesusasteraan Melayu Di Malaysia dan Permasalahannya. Masalah Pendidikan, 143-157.

Coll, R. K., Dalgety, J. & Salter, D. (2002). The Development of the Chemistry Attitudes and Experiences Questionnaire (CAEQ). Chemistry Education: Research and Practice in Europe, 3(1), 19-32.

De Alwis, C. (2008). Atitude of Form Two Students Towards Learning Science in English: A Case Study of Schools in Kota Samarahan. Retrieved November 27, 2010, from Scribd: http://www.scribd.com/doc/18177859/Attitude-of-Form-Two-Students-Towards-Learning-Science-in-English

Freedman, M. P. (1998). Relationship among Laboratory Instruction, Attitude towards Science, and Achievement in Sscience Knowledge. Journal of Research in Science Teaching (4), 343-357.

Gamoran, A. (2002, September). Standards, Inequality & Ability Grouping in Schools. Centre for Educational Sociology Briefing (25).

George, R. (2000). Measuring Change in Students Attitudes towards Science over Time: An application of Latent Variable Growth Modeling. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 9(3), 217-225.

George, R. (2003). Growth in Students Attitudes about the Utility of Science over the Middle and High School Years: Evidence from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 12(4), 439-448.

Good, T. L. (1981). Teacher's Expectancy and Students'P: A Decade of Research. Educational Leadership , 38 (5), 415-422.

Hassan, G. (2008). Attitudes towards Science among Australian Tertiary and Secondary School Students. Research in Science & Technological Education, 26(2), 129-147.

Kamisah, O., Zanaton, H. I. & Lilia, H. (2007). Sikap Terhadap Sains dan Sikap Saintifik di Kalangan Pelajar Sains. Jurnal Pendidikan. 32, 39-60.

Khan, Z. N. (2005). Scholastic Achievement of Higher Secondary Students in Science Stream. Journal of Social Sciences , 1 (2), 84-87.

Kilgour, P. (2009). Problems Arising from Streaming Mathematics Sstudents in Australian Christian Secondary Schools: To stream or Not to Stream? TEACH Journal of Christian Education , 2 (1), 33-37.

Kind, P. M., Jones, K. & Barmby, P. (2007). Developing Attitudes towards Science Measures. International Journal of Science Education, 29(7), 871-893.

Klopfer, L.E. Evaluation of Learning in science. In B.S. Bloom,J .T. Hastingsa, and G.F. Madaus (Eds), Handbook on Summative and Formative Evaluation of Student Learning. New York: Mccraw-Hill, l97l .

Kulik, J. A. (2004). Grouping, Tracking, and De-Tracking. In H. J. Walberg, A. J. Reynolds, & M. C. Wang (Eds.), Can Unlike Students Learn Together? Grade Retention, Tracking, and Grouping (pp. 157-182). Greenwich: Information Age Publishing Inc.

Loveless, T. (1999). The Tracking Wars. Washington DC: Brookings.

Oluwatelure, T. A. & Oloruntegbe, K. O. (2010). Review: Effects of Parental Involvement on Students Attitude and Performance in Science. Journal of Microbiology Research. 4(1), 1-9

Ong, E. T. & Ruthven, K. (2009). The Effectiveness of Smart Schooling on Students Attitude towards Science. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education. 5(1), 35-45.

Osborne, J., Simon, S., & Collins, S. (2003). Attitudes towards Science: A Review of the Literature and Its Implications. International Journal of Science Education, 25(9), 1049-1079.

Othman Puteh (1995). Pengisian Dunia Sastera. Kuala Lumpur: DBP.

Othman Talib, Wong, S. L., Shah Christirani Azhar, Nabilah Abdullah. (2009). European Journal of Social Sciences, 8(2), 267-276.

Papanastasiou, C. (2002). School, Teaching and Family Influence on Student Attitudes towards Science, Based on the TIMMS Data for Cyprus. Studies in Educational Evaluation, 28, 71-86.

Prihadi, K., Hairul, N. I., & Hazri, J. (2010). Students Self-Esteem and their Perception of Teacher Behavior: A Study of Between-Class Ability Grouping. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology , 8 (2), 707-724.

Prihadi, K., Hazri, J., & Hairul, N. I. (2010). Students Perception of Teachers Behavior in the Classrooms: Effect of between-class ability grouping practice in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Research in Education , 14.

Saleh, M., Lazonder, A. W., & DeJong, T. (2005). Effects of Within-Class Ability Grouping on Social Interaction, Achievement, and Motivation. Instructional Science , 33 (2), 105-119.

Salta, K., & Tzougraki, C. (2004). Attitudes towards Chemistry among 11th Grade Students in High Schools in Greece. Science Education, 88, 535- 547.

Sax, G. (1997). Principles of Educational and Psychological Measurement and Evaluation. United States of American: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Siegel, M. A. & Ranney, M. A. (2003). Developing the Changes in Attitude about the Relevance Science Questionnaire and Assessing Two High School Science Classes. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 40(8), 757-775.

Simpson, R. & Oliver, J. (1990). A Summary of Major influences on Attitude towards Science and Achievement in Science among Adolescent Students. Science Education, 74, 1-18.

Slavin, R. E. (1990). Achievement Effects of Ability Grouping in Secondary Schools: A Best Evidence Synthesis. Review of Educational Research , 60, pp. 471-499.

Soltani, A., & Nasr, A. R. (2010). Attitude towards Biology and its Effects on Students' Achievement. Actes de la 2emme Conference Internationale Education, Economie et Societe (pp. 1-6). Paris: Academia.Edu.

Steven, P. A. J., & Vermeersch, H. (2010). Streaming in Flemish Secondary Schools: Exploring Teachers' Perceptions of and Adaptations to Students in Different Streams. Oxford Review of Education, 36(3), 267-284.

Stryker, S. (2002). Symbolic Interactionism: A Social Structural Version. Caldwell, NJ: Blackburn Press.

Tong, H. S. (2002). A Comparison of the Perception of Teachers Assigned to Teach Higher and Lower Ability Group. Hongkong: University of Hongkong.

Tan, Y. S. (2007). Attitudes and Achievement Orientations of Students towards Learning of Science and Mathematics in English. Kajian Malaysia, 25(1), 15-39.

Welch, A. G. (2010). Using the TOSRA to Assess High School Students Attitudes towards Science after Competing in the FIRST Robotics Competition: An Exploratory Study. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 6(3), 187-197.

Wellington, J. (2000). Educational Research: Contemporary Issues and Practical Approaches. London: Continuum.

Wood, F.Q. (2004). Beyond Brain Drain, Mobility, Competitiveness and Scientific Excellence. Report of a Workshop, February, Centre for Higher Education Management and Policy, University of New England, Armidale, Australia

Zanaton, H. I., Lilia, H., & Kamisah, O. (2006). Sikap Terhadap Sains dalam Kalangan Pelajar Sains di Peringkat Menengah dan Matrikulasi. Pertanika Journal of Sociology, Science & Humanity, 14(2), 134-147.

Zhang, D. & Campbell, T. (2010). The Psychometric Evaluation of a Three-Dimension Elementary Science Attitude Survey. Journal of Science Teacher Education. Advance online publication.


  • There are currently no refbacks.