EFL Speaking Anxiety among Senior High School Students and Policy Recommendations

Amirul Mukminin, Masbirorotni Masbirorotni, Noprival Noprival, Sutarno Sutarno, Nelly Arif, Maimunah Maimunah

Abstract


This report drew on a larger study which was to describe and understand the sources of senior high school students’ English language speaking anxiety at senior high schools in Jambi, Indonesia. The purpose of this paper was to report some of findings from the qualitative interview data on the sources of senior high school students’ English language speaking anxiety at one senior high school in Jambi, Indonesia. Data were collected through demographic profiles and semi-structured interview with senior high school students. The demographic data were analysed descriptively while the interview data were transcribed and analysed line by line to generate and develop codes and themes. An analysis of the interview data revealed that five major themes were related to students’ English language speaking anxiety, including (1) low speaking skill due to lack of vocabulary and grammar, (2) fear of negative responses from others, (3) low self-esteem to speak in English, (4) fear of being evaluated by teachers, and (5) cultural influences to speak English due to a more teacher-centred style. Suggestions and policy implications are also discussed.

Keywords


Language policy recommendation, speaking anxiety, Indonesian students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aydin, S. (2008). An investigation on the language anxiety and fear of negative evaluation among Turkish EFL learners. Asian EFL Journal, 30(1), 421-444.

Batumlu, D. Z. & Erden, M. (2007). The relationship between foreign language anxiety and English achievement of Yıldız Technical University School of foreign languages preparatory students. Theory and Practice in Education, 3(1), 24 – 38.

Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (1998 ). Qualitative research for education: An introduction to theories and methods (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Cheng, Y., Horwitz, E. K., & Schallert, D. L. (1999). Language anxiety: Differentiating writing and speaking components. Language Learning, 49(3), 417-446.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Creswell, J, W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Cui, J. (2011). Research on high school students’ English learning anxiety. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2 (4), 875-880.

Fang-peng, G., & Dong, Y. (2010). A study on college students‟ anxiety to spoken English. Canadian Social Science, 6(2), 95-101.

Gregersen, T., & Horwitz, E. K. (2002). Language learning and perfectionism: Anxious and non-anxious language learners‟ reactions to their own oral performance. The Modern Language Journal, 86, 562-570.

Horwitz, E. K., Horwitz, M. B., & Cope J. (1986). Foreign language classroom anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 70, 125-132.

Johnson, B., & Christensen, L. B. (2008). Educational research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. Boston: Sage Publications.

Kitano, K. (2001). Anxiety in the college Japanese language classroom. The Modern Language Journal, 85, 549-566.

Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, G.B. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Liu, M. & Jackson, J. (2008). An exploration of Chinese EFL learners’ unwillingness to communicate and foreign language anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 92.

Liu, M. (2007). Anxiety in oral English classrooms: A case study in China. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching, 3(1), 119-137.

Luo, H. (2014). Foreign language speaking anxiety: A study of chinese language learners. Journal of the National Council of Less Commonly Taught Languages, 15, 99-117.

MacIntyre, P. D., & Gardner, R. C. (1994). The subtle effects of language anxiety on cognitive processing in the second language. Language Learning, 44, 283-305.

Mak, B. (2011). An exploration of speaking-in-class anxiety with Chinese ESL learners. System 39, 202-214.

Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (1999). Designing qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Merriam, S.B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Mukminin. A. (2012). Acculturative experiences among Indonesian graduate students in US higher education: Academic shock, adjustment, crisis, and resolution. Excellence in Higher Education Journal, 3(1), 14-36.

Na, Z. (2007). A study of high school students‟ English learning anxiety. The Asian EFL Journal, 9(3), 22-34.

Öztürk, G. & Gürbüz, N. (2014). Speaking anxiety among Turkish EFL learners: The case at a state university. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 10(1), 1-17.

Palacios, L. M. (1998). Foreign language anxiety and classroom environment: A study of Spanish university students. Dissertation. Texas. The University of Texas at Austin.

Pappamihiel, N. E. (2002). English as a second language students and English language anxiety: Issues in the mainstream classroom. Research in the Teaching of English, 36, 327-355.

Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Price, M.L. (1991). The subjective experience of foreign language anxiety: Interviews with highly anxious students. In E. K. Horwitz and D. J. Young (Eds.), Language anxiety: From theory and research to classroom implications (pp. 101-108). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Scovel, T. (1978). The effect of affect on foreign language learning: a review of the anxiety research. Language Learning 28 (1), 129-142.

Subaşı, G. (2010). What are the main sources of Turkish EFL students’ anxiety in oral practice? Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry, 1(2), 29-49.

Tsiplakides, I., & Keramida, A. (2009). Helping students overcome foreign language speaking anxiety in the English classroom: Theoretical issues and practical recommendations. International Education Studies, 2(4), 39-44.

Williams, K. E., & Andrade, M. R. (2008). Foreign language learning anxiety in Japanese EFL university classes: Causes, coping, and locus of control. Foreign Language Teaching, 5(2), 181-191.

Woodrow, L. (2006). Anxiety and speaking English as a second language. RELC, 37(3), 308-328.

Yahya, M. (2013). Measuring speaking anxiety among speech communication course students at the Arab American University of Jenin (AAUJ). European Social Sciences Research Journal, 1(3), 229-248.

Young, D. J. (1990). An investigation of students’ perspectives on anxiety and speaking. Foreign Language Annals, 23, 539-53.

Young, D. J. (1991). Creating a low-anxiety classroom environment: What does language anxiety research suggest? The Modern Language Journal, 75 (4), 426-439.

Zhiping, D. & Paramasivam, S. (2013). Anxiety of speaking English in class among international students in a Malaysian university. International Journal of Education and Research, 1 (11), 1-16.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11591/edulearn.v9i3.1828

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 2520 times
PDF - 2037 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn)
ISSN: 2089-9823, e-ISSN 2302-9277
Published by: Universitas Ahmad Dahlan (UAD) in collaboration with Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES)

View EduLearn Stats