Penerapan analogi pada perkuliahan genetika untuk menumbuhkan keterampilan penalaran ilmiah (scientific reasoning)

Yuyun Maryuningsih, Topik Hidayat, Riandi Riandi, Nuryani Y Rustaman

Abstract


Keterampilan penalaran ilmiah yang merupakan keterampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi yang perlu dilatihkan pada mahasiswa calon guru untuk materi-materi genetika yang bersifat abstrak seperti topik materi genetik dan pindah silang. Penelitian ini merupakan studi pendahuluan dalam perancangan program perkuliahan genetika, untuk mengetahui penggunaan strategi dan metode yang tepat dalam beberapa materi genetika. Implementasi pembelajaran genetika dengan analogi diujikan secara terbatas pada tiga puluh tujuh mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi yang mengambil mata kuliah genetika. Analogi dilakukan pada topik materi genetik dan pindah silang. Penerapan analogi pada model DNA dengan menggunakan bahan-bahan yang dapat digunakan dalam pembuatan model DNA dan analogi pada pindah silang dengan menggunakan lilin malam/plasticine. Profil keterampilan penalaran ilmiah siswa diukur secara skoring pada model DNA untuk topik materi genetik dan pindah silang. Data dianalisis secara kualitatif untuk melihat profil siswa dalam penalaran ilmiah. Hasil dari penelitian ini bahwa penggunaan analogi dalam pembelajaran genetika dapat diterapkan pada topik materi genetik dan pindah silang.

 

Analogies application of genetic course to arise scientific reasoning skills. Scientific reasoning skills were high-level thinking skills that need to be trained in prospective teacher students for abstract genetic material such as the topic of genetic material and crossovers. This research was a preliminary study in the design of the genetic lecture program, to find out the use of appropriate strategies and methods in some genetic material. The implementation of genetic learning by analogy was limitedly tested on thirty-seven Biology Education students who took genetics courses. The analogy was done on the topic of genetic material and crossovers. The application of analogies to DNA models using materials that can be used in making DNA models and analogies to crossovers using night candles/plasticine. Profiles of students' scientific reasoning skills are measured scoring on DNA models for the topic of genetic material and crossovers. Data were analyzed qualitatively to see students' profiles in scientific reasoning. The results of this study that the use of analogies in genetic learning could be applied to the topic of genetic material and crossovers.


Keywords


Analogi; Keterampilan penalaran ilmiah; Genetika

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v6i2.9429

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