Miskonsepsi ekologi: Sebuah analisis hasil tes kompetisi sains Madrasah Aliyah

Jahidin Jahidin, La Rabani

Abstract


Miskonsepsi materi ekologi adalah kesalahpahaman konsep atau sub konsep ekologi yang menyimpang dari kaidah-kaidah ilmiah. Kajian ini menjadi rujukan guru biologi Madrasah Aliyah (MA) dalam mereduksi miskonsepsi ekologi sebelum pelaksanaan lomba Kompetisi Sains Madrasah (KSM). Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap persentase miskonsepsi materi ekologi dan menyusun deskripsi miskonsepsi pada setiap sub materi ekosistem, bioremediasi, konservasi, pencemaran, populasi, adaptasi, dan simbiosis. Instrumen tes yang digunakan adalah soal KSM-MA Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia tahun 2017. Persentase soal materi ekologi adalah 15% dari total soal 100 nomor dengan gradasi 3 butir soal adaptasi, 3 butir soal pencemaran, 2 butir soal simbiosis, 3 butir soal ekosistem, dan masing-masing 1 butir soal populasi, komunitas, konservasi, dan bioremediasi. Subyek penelitian adalah peserta lomba KSM-MA Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara tahun 2017 berjumlah 14 siswa, yaitu peserta dari 12 Kabupaten dan 2 Kota Madya. Analisis miskonsepsi melibatkan dua tahap kegiatan, yaitu pengidentifikasian dan pendeskripsian miskonsepsi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan miskonsepsi materi ekologi mencapai 64%. Miskonsepsi terjadi pada semua sub materi dengan persentase yang berbeda, yaitu konservasi, bioremediasi, pupulasi, pencemaran, ekosistem, adaptasi, komunitas, dan simbiosis. Persentase miskonsepsi tertinggi terjadi pada sub materi konservasi, sedangkan terendah terjadi pada sub materi simbiosis.

 

Misconception Ecology: An Analysis Of The Test Results Of Sains Madrasah Aliyah Competition.  The misconception of ecological material is a misunderstanding of ecological concepts or sub-concepts that deviate from scientific rules. This study is important because it is the reference of the biology teacher of Madrasah Aliyah (MA) in reducing the ecological misconception before the implementation of the Madrasah Science Competition (KSM). This study aims to reveal the percentage of misconceptions of ecological material and develop a description of misconception on each sub-material ecosystem, bioremediation, conservation, pollution, population, adaptation, and symbiosis. The test instrument used is the KSM-MA of the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia in 2017. The percentage of ecological matter is 15% out of a total of 100 questions. Gradation item consists of 3 items about adaptation, 3 items about contamination, 3 items about symbiosis, 2 items about ecosystem, and each 1 item about population, community, conservation, and bioremediation. The subjects were 14 participants of KSM-MA contest in Southeast Sulawesi Province in 2017. The contestants came from 12 regencies and 2 municipalities. Misconception analysis involves two stages of activity, the identification and description of misconception. The results showed 64% misconception of ecological material. Sub-material with a misconception level below 50% occurs in the symbiotic and the community, while the misconception level above 50% includes ecosystems, pollution, bioremediation, population, and conservation.


Keywords


Ecological material; Kompetisi sains; Madrasah Aliyah; Miskonsepsi; Miscopception; Science competition

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v6i1.7287

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