Problem based learning and intrapersonal intelligence: Effect on the problem-solving ability of human reproductive system material

Irva Faoji Anwar, Rusdi Rusdi, Elsa Lisanti

Abstract


Problem Based Learning (PBL) is a learning model that encourages students to solve problems. At the same time, intrapersonal intelligence is a skill needed by students in solving problems so that students can solve problems well. This research aims to determine the effect of the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model and intrapersonal intelligence on high school students' problem-solving skills. The method used was an experiment with a quasi-experimental research type and a 2x2 factorial design—multistage random sampling sample selection technique. All students of class IX reach the population at SMAN 1 Baros. The target population for all class IX of SMAN 1 Baros is 130 students. The research sample consisted of 2 classes IX for the experimental class and two classes IX for the Control class, each of which totaled 65 students. The instrument for the ability to solve problems in the form of description questions consists of 11 items and intrapersonal intelligence in a questionnaire totaling 25 statements. Data analysis and hypothesis testing using two-way ANOVA with the help of the SPSS 21.0 software program. The results showed that the PBL model and intrapersonal intelligence significantly affected problem-solving skills with a sig < 0.05. The data analysis conclusion shows that there is an influence of the PBL model and the intrapersonal intelligence of high school students on the material of the human reproductive system.


Keywords


Intrapersonal intelligence; Problem-solving; Problem based learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdurrozak, R., Jayadinata, A. K., & Isrok’atun, I. (2016). Pengaruh problem based learning terhadap kemampuan berpikir kreatif siswa. Jurnal Pena Ilmiah, 1(1), 871–880. https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/penailmiah/article/view/3580

Aninda, B. O., & Suryadarma, I. G. P. (2017). Penerapan PBL dengan suplemen komik digital terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan sikap peduli lingkungan. JURNAL BIOEDUKATIKA, 5(2), 46–53. https://doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v5i2.6499

Armstrong, T. (2018). Multiple intelligences in the classroom (8th ed.). Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Astuti, T. A., Nurhayati, N., Ristanto, R. H., & Rusdi, R. (2019). Pembelajaran berbasis masalah biologi pada aspek kognitif: Sebuah meta-analisis. JPBIO (Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi), 4(2), 67–74. https://doi.org/10.31932/jpbio.v4i2.473

Chatib, M., & Said, A. (2012). Sekolah anak-anak juara: Berbasis kecerdasan jamak dan pendidikan berkeadilan. Kaifa.

Corebima, A. D. (2016). Pembelajaran biologi di Indonesia bukan untuk hidup. Proceeding Biology Education Conference, 8–22. https://jurnal.uns.ac.id/prosbi/article/viewFile/5640/5008

Djamahar, R., Ristanto, R. H., Sartono, N., Ichsan, I. Z., & Muhlisin, A. (2018). CIRSA: Designing Instructional kits to empower 21st century skill. Educational Process: International Journal, 7(3), 200–208. https://doi.org/10.22521/edupij.2018.73.4

Hariatik, H., Suciati, S., & Sugiyarto, S. (2017). Pembelajaran biologi model problem based learning (PBL) disertai dialog socrates (DS) terhadap hasil belajar ditinjau dari kemampuan memecahkan masalah kelas X. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 8(2), 46–51. http://journal2.um.ac.id/index.php/jpb/article/view/2277

Hung, W. (2016). All PBL starts here: The problem. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 10(2), Article 2. https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1604

Jayawardana, H. B. A. (2017). Paradigma pembelajaran Biologi di era digital. JURNAL BIOEDUKATIKA, 5(1), 12–17. https://doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v5i1.5628

Jonassen, D. (2011). Supporting Problem Solving in PBL. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 5(2), 95–119. https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1256

Kelly, E. (2015). Kecerdasan interpersonal dan kecerdasan intrapersonal dengan sikap multikultural pada mahasiswa Malang. Jurnal Psikologi: Jurnal Ilmiah Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan, 3(1), 39–59. http://jurnal.yudharta.ac.id/v2/index.php/ILMU-PSIKOLOGI/article/download/767/622

Li, Q., Zhang, T., Wang, B., & Wang, N. (2013). Effects of RPG on middle school players’ intrapersonal intelligence. In Z. Pan, A. D. Cheok, W. Müller, & F. Liarokapis (Eds.), Transactions on Edutainment IX (Vol 7544, pp. 160–175). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-37042-7_10

Listiani, R., Hidayat, A., & Maspupah, M. (2017). Perbandingan model pembelajaran problem solving dan problem based learning terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada materi sistem reproduksi manusia (Penelitian pada siswa kelas XI IPA SMAN 1 Ciparay Kab. Bandung). Jurnal BIOEDUIN: Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, 7(1), 15–26. https://journal.uinsgd.ac.id/index.php/bioeduin/article/view/2746

Lopes, R. M., Hauser-Davis, R. A., Oliveira, M. M., Pierini, M. F., de Souza, C. A. M., Cavalcante, A. L. M., Santos, C. R. Dos, Comarú, M. W., & da Fonseca Tinoca, L. A. (2020). Principles of problem-based learning for training and professional practice in ecotoxicology. Science of The Total Environment, 702, 134809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134809

Ma, A. K. F., O’Toole, J., & Keppell, M. (2008). An investigation of student teachers’ attitudes to the use of media triggered problem based learning. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(3), 311–325. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.1211

Mishra, P., & Mehta, R. (2017). What we educators get wrong about 21st-century learning: Results of a survey. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 33(1), 6–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/21532974.2016.1242392

Mourtos, N. J., Okamoto, N. D., & Rhee, J. (2004). Defining, teaching, and assessing problem solving skills. 7th UICEE Annual Conference on Engineering Education, 1–5. https://www.sjsu.edu/people/nikos.mourtos/docs/UICEE 04 Mumbai.pdf

Nabilah, S., Anwar, Y., & Riyanto, R. (2019). Motoric mechanism with problem based learning: impact on students’ higher order thinking skill. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 12(2), 182–193. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.v12n2.182-193

Nisa, A., Djamahar, R., & Evriyani, D. (2015). Effect of application of ular tangga game media on cognitive learning result of human reproductive system. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 8(2), 20–26. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.8-2.4

Noviar, D., & Hastuti, D. R. (2015). Pengaruh model problem based learning (PBL) berbasis scientific approach terhadap hasil belajar biologi siswa kelas X di SMA N 2 Banguntapan TA 2014/2015. Bioedukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 8(2), 42–47. https://jurnal.uns.ac.id/bioedukasi/article/view/3874

Nurrakhmi, R. Z. F., & Lukito, A. (2014). Profil intuisi siswa SMA dalam memecahkan masalah turunan ditinjau dari gaya kognitif field dependent dan field independent. MATHEdunesa Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika, 3(3), 208–213. https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/mathedunesa/article/view/12943

Purnamaningrum, A., Dwiastuti, S., Probosari, R. M., & Noviawati, N. (2012). Peningkatan kemampuan berpikir kreatif melalui problem based learning pada pembelajaran biologi siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 3 Surakarta tahun pelajaran 2011/2012. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 4(3), 39–51. https://jurnal.uns.ac.id/bio/article/view/5586

Ristanto, R. H., Zubaidah, S., Amin, M., & Rohman, F. (2018). The potential of cooperative integrated reading and composition in biology learning at higher education. International Journal of Educational Research Review, 3(2), 50–56. https://doi.org/10.24331/ijere.376727

Rosamsi, S., Miarsyah, M., & Ristanto, R. H. (2019). Interactive multimedia effectiveness in improving cell concept mastery. Journal of Biology Education, 8(1), 56–61. https://doi.org/10.15294/jbe.v8i1.28154

Rusdi, R., Soeradi, O., Subakir, S. B., & Suyatna, F. D. (2012). F2α-isoprostane, Na+-K+ ATPase and membrane fluidity of placental syncytiotrophoblast cell in preeclamptic women with vitamin E supplementation. Medical Journal of Indonesia, 21(4), 225–230. https://doi.org/10.13181/mji.v21i4.510

Sadipour, I., Ghavam, S. E., Farrokhi, N., Assadzadeh, H., & Sameti, N. (2017). A model to predict academic performance based on the components of emotional intelligence, problem solving skills and achievement motivation among students of smart and ordinary school. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 12(5), 1353–1369. http://www.ijese.net/makale_indir/IJESE_1902_article_59730b26e1d9e.pdf

Savery, J. R. (2006). Overview of Problem-based Learning: Definitions and distinctions. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 1(1), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1002

Sellars, M. (2006). The role of intrapersonal intelligence in self-directed learning. Issues in Educational Research, 16(1), 95–119. https://nova.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/services/Download/uon:1045/ATTACHMENT01

Setyoko, S., Indriaty, I., & Atmaja, T. H. W. (2019). Efektifitas bahan ajar ekologi hewan berbasis problem based learning terhadap kemampuan berpikir kritis dan pemecahan masalah mahasiswa pendidikan biologi. BIOEDUKASI, 10(2), 133–139.

Sigit, D. V., Ernawati, E., & Qibtiah, M. (2017). Hubungan pengetahuan lingkungan hidup dengan kemampuan pemecahan masalah pencemaran lingkungan pada siswa SMAN 6 Tangerang. BIOSFER: JURNAL PENDIDIKAN BIOLOGI, 10(2), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.10-2.1

Slavin, E. R. (2006). Educational psychology theory and practice (8th ed.). Pearson Education Inn.

Snyderman, M., & Rothman, S. (1987). Survey of expert opinion on intelligence and aptitude testing. American Psychologist, 42(2), 137–144. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.42.2.137

Sucipto, S. (2017). Pengembangan ketrampilan berpikir tingkat tinggi dengan menggunakan strategi metakognitif model pembelajaran problem based learning. Jurnal Pendidikan (Teori Dan Praktik), 2(1), 77–85. https://doi.org/10.26740/jp.v2n1.p77-85

Suhendar, S., & Wahyuni, A. (2018). Achievement and response of students at favorite junior high schools in sukabumi on trends in international mathematics and science study (timss) questions. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 11(2), 126–133. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.v11n2.126-133

Supiandi, M. I., & Ege, B. (2017). The effect of group investigation (GI) learning model on the student problem solving ability and students academic achievement on the digestive system material for biology students. Anatolian Journal of Education, 2(2), 55–65. http://www.e-aje.net/images/dosyalar/AJE_17_2_5.pdf

Uno, H. B., & Kuadrat, M. (2009). Mengelola kecerdasan dalam pembelajaran. Bumi Aksara.

Wahyu, E. S., Sahyar, S., & Ginting, E. M. (2017). The effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) model toward student’s critical thinking and problem solving ability in senior high school. American Journal of Educational Research, 5(6), 633–638. http://pubs.sciepub.com/education/5/6/7/

Wijaya, K. H., & Sudarmin, S. (2016). Kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematik siswa kelas VIII berdasarkan multiple intelligence pada setting PBL. Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education Research, 5(2), 114–130. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/ujmer/article/view/12928

Zakia, A. R., Djamahar, R., & Rusdi. (2019). Pengaruh pembelajaran berbasis masalah menggunakan media sosial e-learning terhadap hasil belajar siswa sekolah menengah pada sistem pencernaan. Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi (JPBIO), 4(1), 21–28. https://doi.org/10.31932/jpbio.v4i1.395




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26555/bioedukatika.v9i1.18160

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 times
PDF - 0 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View J.Bioedukatika Stats

JURNAL BIOEDUKATIKA
ISSN 2338-6630 (Print) | ISSN 2541-5646 (Online)
Organized by Department of Biology Education
Published by Universitas Ahmad Dahlan
Jl.Ringroad Selatan, dk Kragilan, Tamanan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Indonesia